Advertisement

Rehabilitation Medicine

  • Philip S. King
  • Robert Chen-Zong Yang

Abstract

Rehabilitation is the process of helping an individual with a significant disability to achieve his or her highest potential from physical, psychological, social, and vocational/economic stand–points. Since its earliest years, rehabilitation medicine has relied on interdisciplinary team management for patients with complicated or extensive disabilities. Meaningful rehabilitation requires active efforts of the patient—instructed, guided, and supported by the team. Rehabilitation is, in many ways, an educational process; if it is to be effective, a patient must be physically and mentally capable of learning and must desire a rehabilitation goal sufficiently to work diligently at achieving it.

Keywords

Arch Phys Gait Training Lower Extremity Amputee Ethyl Chloride United States Government Printing 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Glattly HW: A preliminary report on the amputee census. Art Limbs7: 5 – 10, 1963.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    United States Department of Health, Education, and Welfare: National Survey of Stroke. Bethesda, Maryland, NIH Publication No 80-2064, 1980, pp 6 – 7.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Schluderman E, Zubak JP: Effect of age on pain sensitivity. Percept Mot Skills14: 295 – 301, 1952.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Licht S: History of therapeutic heat and cold, in Lehmann, JF (ed): Therapeutic Heat and Cold, ed 3. Baltimore, Williams & Wilkins, 1982, pp 1 – 34.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Benson TB, Copp EP: Effects of therapeutic forms of heat and ice on pain threshold of normal shoulder. Rheumatol Rehab13: 101 – 104, 1974.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Wells MS: Temperature equalization for relief of pain: Experimental study of relation of thermal gradients to pain. Arch Phys Med28: 135 – 139, 1947.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Lehmann JF, Brunner AD, Stowe RW: Pain threshold measurements after therapeutic application of ultrasound, microwave, and infrared. Arch Phys Med39: 560 – 565, 1958.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Mense S: Effects of temperature on the discharges of muscle spindles and tendon organs. Pflugers Arch374: 159 – 166, 1978.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Backlund L, Tiselius P: Objective measurement of joint stiffness in rheumatoid arthritis. Acta Rheum Scand13: 275 – 288, 1967.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Lehmann JF, Warren CG, Scham SM: Therapeutic heat and cold. Clin Orthop99: 207 – 245, 1974.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Warren CG, Lehmann JF, Koblanski JN: Heat and stretch procedures: Evaluation using rat tail tendon. Arch Phys Med57: 122 – 126, 1976.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Hovind M, Nielson SL: Local blood flow after shortwave diathermy: Preliminary report. Arch Phys Med55: 217 – 221, 1974.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Hansen TI, Kristensen JH: Effect of massage, shortwave diathermy and ultrasound upon 133Xe disappearance rate from muscle and subcutaneous tissue in human calf. Scan J Rehab Med5: 179 – 182, 1973.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Greenburg RS: Effects of hot packs and exercise on local blood flow. Phys Ther52: 273 – 278, 1972.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Gacker T: Use of heat and cold in orthopedics, in Licht S (ed): Therapeutic Heat and Cold, ed 2. New Haven, Elizabeth Licht, 1965, pp 398 – 406.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Lehmann JF, Krusen FM: Biophysical affects of ultrasonic energy on carcinoma and their possible significance. Arch Phys Med36:452– 459, 1955.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Gemer EW, Conner WG, Boone MLM, et al: Potential of localized heating as adjunct to radiation therapy. Radiology116: 433 – 439, 1975.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Goldberg EA, Pittman DR: Cold sensitivity syndrome. Ann Int Med50: 505 – 511, 1959.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Selke OO: Complications of heat therapy. Am J Orthop4: 168 – 169, 1962.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Lehmann JF, DeLateur BJ: Diathermy and superficial heat and cold therapy, in Kottke FJ, Stillwell GK, Lehmann JF (eds): Krusen’s Handbook of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, ed 3. Philadelphia, WB Saunders & Co, 1982, pp 304 – 322.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Kramer PO, Emery AT, Gay AW, et al: Ocular effects of microwave on hypothermic rabbits: Study of microwave cataractogenic mechanisms. Acad Sci247: 155 – 165, 1975.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Lehmann JF, Johnson EW: Some factors influencing the temperature distribution in thighs exposed to ultrasound. Arch Phys Med39:347– 356, 1958.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Knutsson E: Topical cryotherapy in spasticity. Scand J Rehab Med2: 159 – 163, 1970.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Travell J: Ethyl chloride spray for painful muscle spasms. Arch Phys Med33: 291 – 298, 1952.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Grant AE: Massage with ice (cryokinetics) in treatment of painful conditions of musculoskeletal systems. Arch Phys Med45: 233 – 238, 1964.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Sarnoff SJ, Gaenslen EA, Maloney JV: Electrophrenic respiration IV. The effectiveness of contralateral ventilation during activity of one phrenic nerve. J Thorac Surg19: 929 – 937, 1950.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Munsat TL, McNeal D, Walters R: Effects of nerve stimulation on human muscle. Arch Neurol33: 608, 1976.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Liberson WT, Homquest HJ, Scott D, et al: Functional electrotherapy: Stimulation of the peroneal nerve synchronized with the swing phase of the gait of hemiplegic patients. Arch Phys Med41: 101 – 105, 1960.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Waters RL, McNeal D, Perry J: Experimental correction of footdrop by electrical stimulation of the peroneal nerve. J Bone Joint Surg57A (suppl 8): 1047 – 1054, 1975.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Shealy CN: Six years experience with electrical stimulation for control of pain. Adv in Neurol4: 775 – 782, 1974.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Long D: External electrical stimulation as a treatment for chronic pain. Minn Med57: 195 – 198, 1974.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Loeser J, Black R, Chrisma A: Relief of pain by transcutaneous stimulation. J Neurosurg42: 308 – 314, 1975.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Vander Ark GD, McGrath KA: Transcutaneous electrical stimulation in treatment of postoperative pain. Am J Surg130: 338 – 340, 1975.Google Scholar
  34. Linzer M, Long DM: Transcutaneous neural stimulation for relief of pain. IEEE Transaction on Biomedical Engineering. BME-23, No 4, 1976.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Wood, EC, Becker PD: Beard’s Massage, ed 3. Philadelphia, WB Saunders & Co, 1981.Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Knapp ME: Massage, in Kottke FJ, Stillwell GK, Lehmann JF (eds): Krusen’s Handbook of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. Philadelphia, WB Saunders & Co, 1982.Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Cyriax J, Russell G: Vol. II. Treatment by manipulation, massage, and injection, in Cyriax J (ed): Textbook of Orthopedic Medicine, ed 10. London, Balliere, Tindall, 1977.Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Mennel JM: Back Pain: Diagnosis and Treatment Using Manipulative Techniques. Boston, Little Brown & Co, 1960.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Maigne R: Orthopedic Med: A New Approach to Vertebral Manipulation. Springfield, I11, Charles C Thomas Publishers, 1972.Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Birk L (ed): Biofeedback, in Behavioral Medicine, New York. Grune & Stratton, 1973.Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Marinacci AA, Horande M: Electromyogram in neuromuscular reeducation. Bull LA Neurol Soc25: 57 – 71, 1960.Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Johnson HE, Garton WH: Muscle reeducation in hemiplegics by use of electromyographic device. Arch Phys Med54: 320 – 322, 1973.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Basmajian JV, Kukola CG, Narayna MG, et al: Biofeedback treatment of footdrop after stroke compared with standard rehabilitation techniques: Effects on voluntary control and strength. Arch Phys Med56: 231 – 236, 1975.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Segal J: Biofeedback as medical treatment. JAMA232: 179 – 180, 1975.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Budgynski TH, Stoyva JM, Alder CS, et al: EMG biofeedback and tension headache: Controlled outcome study. Psychometric Med 35: 484 – 496, 1973.Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    Largen JW, Mathew RJ, Dobbins K, et al: Specific and non-specific effects of skin temperature control in migraine management. Headache21: 36 – 44, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Kottke FJ: The effects of limitation and activity upon the human body. JAMA196: 825 – 830, 1966.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Public Health Service: Public Health Service Hearing Before the House Subcommittee on Appropriations. Washington, DC, 86th Congress, Second Session, 1960, pp 1205–1212.Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    Iskrant AP, Smith RW Jr: Osteoporosis in women 45 years and over related to subsequent fractures. Publ Health Rep84: 33 – 38, 1969.Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    Lilly JC: Mental effects of physical restraint and of reduction of ordinary levels of physical stimuli of intact, healthy persons. Psychiat Res Rep Am Psychiatr Assoc5: 1 – 9, 1956.Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    Nutter DO, Schlant RC, Hurst JW: Isometric exercise and the cardiovascular system. Mod Concep CardiovascDis 41: 11 – 15, 1972.Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    Eberhart HD, Inman VT, Bresler B: The principal elements in human locomotion, in Klopsteg PE, Wilson PD (eds): Human Limbs and Their Substitutes. New York, Hofner, 1968, chap 15.Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    Steindler A: On mechanics of gait, in Steindler A (ed): Kinesiology of the Human Body. Springfield, I11, Charles C Thomas Publishers, 1955, pp 631 – 664.Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    Saunders JB, Inman VT, Eberhart HD: The major determinants of normal and pathological gait. J Bone Joint Surg35A: 543 – 558, 1953.Google Scholar
  55. 55.
    Corcoran PJ: Energy expenditure during ambulation, in Downey JA, Darling RC, (eds): Physiological Basis of Rehabilitation Medicine, ed 1. Philadelphia, WB Saunders & Co, 1971, pp 185 – 189.Google Scholar
  56. 56.
    Burnett CN, Johnson EW: Development of gait in children: I. Method and II. Results. Dev Med Child Neurol13: 196 – 215, 1971.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    Robinson S: Experimental studies of physical fitness in relation to age. Arbeitsphisiologic10: 251 – 323, 1938.Google Scholar
  58. 58.
    Murray MP, Kory RC, Clarkson BH: Walking patterns in healthy old men. J Gerontol24: 169 – 178, 1969.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    Critchley M: Neurological changes in the aged. J Chronic Dis3: 459 – 477, 1956.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    Buell JH, Peszcynski M: Perception of vertically in hemiplegic patients in relation to rehabilitation. Clin Orthop12: 124 – 130, 1958.Google Scholar
  61. 61.
    Tobis JS, Nayak L, Hoehler F: Visual perception of verticality and horizontality among elderly fallers. Arch Phys MedRehab 62:619– 622, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    Fisher SW, Gullickson G: Energy cost of ambulation in health and disability: A literature review. Arch Phys Medi 59: 124 – 133, 1978.Google Scholar
  63. 63.
    Meyer JS, Barron DW: Apraxia of gait: A clinic-physiological study. Brain83: 261, 1960.Google Scholar
  64. 64.
    Jebsen R: Use and abuse of ambulation aids. JAMA199: 63 – 68, 1967.Google Scholar
  65. 65.
    Denham RA: Hip mechanics. J Bone Joint Surg41B: 550 – 557, 1969.Google Scholar
  66. 66.
    Blount WP: Don’t throw away the cane. J Bone Joint Surg38A: 695 – 708, 1956.Google Scholar
  67. 67.
    Deaver GG: What every physician should know about teaching of crutch walking. JAMA142: 470 – 472, 1950.Google Scholar
  68. 68.
    Burgess EM, Alexander AG: Mobility aids: Canes, crutches and walkers, in American Academy of Orthopedic Surgery: Atlas of Orthotics. St. Louis, The CV Mosby Co, 1975, pp 421 – 430.Google Scholar
  69. 69.
    United States Department of Transportation: The handicapped and elderly market for urban mass transit. Fed RegWashington DC, United States Government Printing Office, Feb 26, 1975.Google Scholar
  70. 70.
    Kim PKH: Rural America: More elders, fewer dollars. Generations6: 13 – 15, 1982.Google Scholar
  71. 71.
    Hildebrandt G: Energy costs in propelling wheelchairs at different speeds: Cardiac response and effect on steering accuracy. Arch Phys Med Rehab51: 131 – 136, 1970.Google Scholar
  72. 72.
    Chasin J: Home in a Wheelchair: House Design Ideas for Easier Wheelchair Living. Washington, DC, Paralyzed Veterans of America, 1971.Google Scholar
  73. 73.
    Schweikert HA: Wheelchair Bathrooms. Washington, DC, Paralyzed Veterans of America, 1978.Google Scholar
  74. 74.
    Chasin J, Saltman J: The Wheelchair in the Kitchen. Washington, DC, Paralyzed Veterans of America, 1978.Google Scholar
  75. 75.
    United States Veterans Administration. Handbook for Design: Specially Adapted Housing. VA Pamphlet 26–13. Washington, DC, United States Government Printing Office, 1978.Google Scholar
  76. 76.
    United States Veterans Administration. Directory of Living Aids for the Disabled Person. Washington, DC, United States Government Printing Office, 1982.Google Scholar
  77. 77.
    Lowman EW, Klinger JL: Aids to Independent Living (Self-Help for the Handicapped). New York, McGraw-Hill, Book Co, 1969.Google Scholar
  78. 78.
    Robinault IP (ed): Functional Aids for the Multiple Handicapped. Hagerstown, Md, Harper & Row, 1973.Google Scholar
  79. 79.
    Washam V: The One Hander’s Book. New York, John Day Co, 1973.Google Scholar
  80. 80.
    Klinger JL (ed): Mealtime Manual for People with Disabilities and the Aging. Camden, Campbell Soup Co, 1978.Google Scholar
  81. 81.
    Kenny Rehabilitation Institute. Homemaking Aids for the Disabled, revised. Minneapolis, American Rehabilitation Foundation, 1969.Google Scholar
  82. 82.
    Petrocine WJ: Driving—age 65 and older. Am Corr Ther J33: 16 – 22, 1979.Google Scholar
  83. 83.
    Oregon Motor Vehicles Division: Accident and Violation Analysis for Licensed Oregon Drivers, Salem, Oregon, 1975.Google Scholar
  84. 84.
    Matsumoto N, Whisnont JP, Kurland LT, et al: Natural History of Stroke in Rochester, Minnesota, 1955 through 1969. Stroke4: 20 – 29, 1973.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  85. 85.
    Soltero I, Liu K, Cooper R, et al: Trends in mortality from cerebralvascular diseased in the United States 1960–1965. Stroke 9: 549 – 555, 1978.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  86. 86.
    Levy RI: Stroke decline: Implications and prospects. N Engl J Med300: 490 – 491, 1979.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  87. 87.
    Forer SK, Miller LS: Rehabilitation outcome: Comparative analysis of different patient types. Arch Phys Med Rehabil61: 359 – 365, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  88. 88.
    Mills E, Thompson M: The economic cost of stroke in Massachusetts. N Engl J Med299: 415 – 418, 1978.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  89. 89.
    Lehman JF, DeLateur BJ, Fowler RS, et al: Stroke: Does rehabilitation affect outcome? Arch Phys Med Rehabil56: 375 – 382, 1975.Google Scholar
  90. 90.
    Joint Committee for Stroke Facilities: Stroke rehabilitation. Stroke3: 373 – 407, 1972.Google Scholar
  91. 91.
    Takabe K, Kukulka C, Narayan MG, et al: Peroneal nerve stimulator in rehabilitation of hemiplegic patients. Arch Phys Med Rehabil57: 9 – 11, 1976.Google Scholar
  92. 92.
    Harris FA: Facilitation techniques in therapeutic exercise, in Basmajian JV (ed): Therapeutic Exercise, ed 3. Baltimore, Williams & Wilkins, 1978, pp 93 – 137.Google Scholar
  93. 93.
    Flanagan EM: Methods for facilitation and inhibition of motor activity. Am J Phys Med46: 1006 – 1011, 1967.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  94. 94.
    Stern PH, McDowell FA, Miller JM: Effects of facilitation exercise techniques in stroke rehabilitation. Arch Phys Med Rehabil51: 526 – 531, 1970.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  95. 95.
    Basmajian JV, Kukulka CG, Narayan MG: Biofeedback treatment of footdrop after stroke compared with standard rehabilitation techniques: Effects on voluntary control and strength. Arch Phys Med Rehabil56: 231 – 236, 1975.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  96. 96.
    Basmajian JV: Biofeedback in therapeutic exercise, in Basmajian JV (ed): Therapeutic Exercise, ed 3. Baltimore, Williams and Wilkins, 1978, pp 220 – 227.Google Scholar
  97. 97.
    McNeil MR: Porch index of communicative ability (PICA), in Darly FL (ed): Evaluation Techniques in Speech and Language Pathology. Menlo Park, Calif, Addison-Wesley, 1979.Google Scholar
  98. 98.
    Porch BE: Multidimensional scoring in aphasia testing. J Speech Hear Res14: 776 – 792, 1971.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  99. 99.
    Marshall RC, Jones RN: Effects of a palatal lift prosthesis upon the speech intelligibility of a dysarthric patient. J Prosth Dent25: 327 – 333, 1971.Google Scholar
  100. 100.
    Marshall RC, King PS: Effects of fatigue produced by isokinetic exercise on the communication ability of aphasic adults. J Speech Hearing Res16: 222 – 230, 1973.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  101. 101.
    Tompkins CA, Marshall RC, Phillips DS: Aphasic patients in a rehabilitation program: Scheduling speech and language services. Arch Phys Med Rehabil61: 252 – 254, 1980.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  102. 102.
    LeVinson C: Rehabilitation of the stroke hemiplegic patient, in Ell wood PM, Kottke FJ, Krusen FH (eds): Handbook of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, ed 2. Philadelphia, WB Saunders & Co, 1971, pp 521 – 553.Google Scholar
  103. 103.
    Pederson H: The problem of the geriatric amputee. Artif Limbs12:i–iii, 1968.Google Scholar
  104. 104.
    Hanson J: The leg amputee. Acta Orthop Scand69 (suppl): 1 – 104, 1964.Google Scholar
  105. 105.
    Anderson AD, Cummings V, Levine SL, et al: The use of lower extremity prosthetic limbs by elderly patients. Arch Phys Med Rehabil48: 533 – 538, 1967.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  106. 106.
    Kohn KH: Use of lower extremity prostheses in geriatric amputees. Arch Phys Med Rehabil51: 99 – 104, 1970.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  107. 107.
    Gerhardt JJ, King PS, Zettl JH: Amputations in Immediate and Early Prosthetic Fitting. Bern, Switzerland, Hans Huber, 1982.Google Scholar
  108. 108.
    Russek AS: Exercises for amputees, in Basmajian JV (ed): Therapeutic Exercise, ed 3. Baltimore, Williams & Wilkins, 1978, pp 389 – 408.Google Scholar
  109. 109.
    Allen RW, Wolcott LE, Listerman J, et al: The geriatric amputee: A follow-up study. South Med J64: 93 – 96, 1971.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  110. 110.
    Kegel B, Carpenter ML, Burgess EM: Functional capabilities of lower extremity amputees. Arch Phys Med Rehabil59: 109 – 119, 1978.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  111. 111.
    Muslin H, Hofstra J, Levine R: On psychologic amputation. Orthop Rev6: 37 – 40, 1977.Google Scholar
  112. 112.
    Caplan LM, Hackett TP: Emotional effects of lower limb amputation in the aged. N Engl J Med269: 1166 – 1171, 1963.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  113. 113.
    Mazet R: The geriatric amputee. Artif Limbs11: 33 – 41, 1967.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  114. 114.
    Kihn RB, Warren R, Beebe GW: The “geriatric” amputee. Ann Surg176: 305 – 314, 1972.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  115. 115.
    Allen RW, Wolcott LE: Major considerations in the geriatric amputee. Missouri Med67: 230 – 235, 1970.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  116. 116.
    McCullough NC, Jennings JJ, Sarmiento A: Bilateral below–knee amputations in patients over fifty years of age. J Bone Joint Surg(Am) 54A: 1217 – 1223, 1972.Google Scholar
  117. 117.
    Young JS: Spinal Cord Injury Statistics: Experience of the Regional Spinal Cord Injury Systems 1982. Good Samaritan Medical Center, Phoenix, Ariz.Google Scholar
  118. 118.
    Watson N: Pattern of spinal cord injury in the elderly. Paraplegia14: 36 – 40, 1976.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  119. 119.
    Hardy AG: Cervical spinal cord injury without bony injury. Paraplegia14: 296 – 305, 1977.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  120. 120.
    Shrosbree RD: Acute central cervical spinal cord syndrome—Aetiology, age, incidence, and relationship to orthopedic injury. Paraplegia. 14: 251 – 258, 1977.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  121. 121.
    National Center for Health Statistics: Public Health Service Publication No 1000, Series 11, No 17. Washington DC, United States Government Printing Office, 1966.Google Scholar
  122. 122.
    National Commission on Arthritis and Related Musculoskeletal Diseases: Work Group Reports. Washington, DC, Department of Health, Education, and Welfare No 76–1151. 1976, P 9.Google Scholar
  123. 123.
    Harris ED, Krane SM: Collagenases. N Engl J Med291: 557 – 605, 1978.Google Scholar
  124. 124.
    Bens DC, Krewer SE: The hand gym: An exercise apparatus for the patient with rheumatoid arthritis. Arch Phys Med Rehab55: 477 – 480, 1974.Google Scholar
  125. 125.
    Bennet R: Conservative management of the wrist and hand in rheumatoid arthritis: The art of self defense. South Med J66: 1267 – 1272, 1973.Google Scholar
  126. 126.
    Brattstrom M: Principles of joint protection in chronic rheumatoid arthritis. Chicago, Year-book Medical Publishers. 1973.Google Scholar
  127. 127.
    Swezey RL: Rehabilitation aspects in arthritis, in McCarty DJ (ed): Arthritis and Allied Conditions. Philadelphia, Lea & Febiger, 1979, pp 519 – 543.Google Scholar
  128. 128.
    Smith RD, Polley HF: Rest therapy for rheumatoid arthritis. Mayo Clin Proc53: 141 – 145, 1978.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  129. 129.
    Ferguson RH: Rheumatoid arthritis and rest. Mayo Clin Proc53: 195, 1978.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  130. 130.
    Mills JA, Pinals RS, Ropes MW, et al: Value of bed rest in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. N Engl J Med284: 453 – 458, 1971.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  131. 131.
    Long C: Upper limb orthotics, in Redford JB (ed): Orthotics Etcetera, ed 2. Baltimore, Williams & Wilkins, 1980, pp 190 – 282.Google Scholar
  132. 132.
    Benet R: Orthotic devices to prevent deformation of the hand in rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis Rheum8: 100 – 106, 1976.Google Scholar
  133. 133.
    Van Brocklin: Splinting of the rheumatoid hand. Arch Phys Med Rehabil47: 262 – 265, 1966.Google Scholar
  134. 134.
    Flatt AE: Care of the Rheumatoid Hand, ed 3. St. Louis, The CV Mosby Co, 1974.Google Scholar
  135. 135.
    Convery RF, Minteer M: The use of orthosis in the management of rheumatoid arthritis. Clin Ortho Rel Res102: 118 – 125, 1974.Google Scholar
  136. 136.
    Karten I, et al: Rheumatoid arthritis: Five year study of rehabilitation. Arch Phys Med Rehabil54: 120 – 128, 1973.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  137. 137.
    Vignos P, et al: Comprehensive and psychosocial factors in rehabilitation of chronic rheumatoid arthritis: A controlled study. J Chronic Dis25: 457 – 467, 1972.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  138. 138.
    Kats S, et al: Comprehensive outpatient care in rheumatoid arthritis: A controlled study. JAMA206: 1249 – 1254, 1968.Google Scholar
  139. 139.
    Rusk HA: Rehabilitation of patient with cancer-related disability, in Rusk HA (ed): Rehabilitation Medicine, ed 4. St. Louis, The CV Mosby Co, 1977, pp 621 – 642.Google Scholar
  140. 140.
    King PS, Lewis FR, Weddle JR, et al: The effect of radical neck dissection on total rehabilitation of the laryngectomee. Am J Phys Med52: 1 – 16, 1973.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  141. 141.
    King PS, Marshall RC, Gunderson HE: Management of the older laryngectomee. Geriatrics26: 112 – 118, 1971.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  142. 142.
    Calliet R: Rehabilitation in parkinsonism, in Licht S (ed): Rehabilitation and Medicine. New Haven, Licht, 1968, pp 430 – 445.Google Scholar
  143. 143.
    Doshay LJ: Current concepts in therapy, methods and value of physiotherapy in Parkinson’s disease. N Engl J Med266:878–880, 267: 297 – 299, 1962.Google Scholar
  144. 144.
    Johnson EW, Alexander MA: Management of motor unit diseases, in Kottke FJ, Stillwell GK, Lehmann JF (eds): Krusen’s Handbook of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. Philadelphia, WB Saunders & Co, 1982, pp 679 – 690.Google Scholar
  145. 145.
    White HH, Merritt HH: Metabolic diseases: Polyneuritis, in Merritt HH (ed): A Textbook of Neurology, ed 6. Philadelphia, Lea & Febiger, 1979, pp 742 – 762.Google Scholar
  146. 146.
    Sunderland S: Nerves and Nerve Injuries, ed 2. Edinburgh, Churchill Livingston, 1978.Google Scholar
  147. 147.
    Sunderland S: Advances in Diagnosis and Treatment of Root and Peripheral Nerve Injury. Advances in Neurology. New York, Towen Press, 1979, vol 22, pp 271–305.Google Scholar
  148. 148.
    Kraft GH: Peripheral neuropathies, in Johnson EW (ed): Practical Electromyography. Baltimore, Williams & Wilkins, 1980, pp 155 – 205.Google Scholar
  149. 149.
    Weber RJ, Piero I: Entrapment syndromes, in Johnson EW (ed): Practical Electromyography. Baltimore, Williams & Wilkins, 1980, pp 206 – 259.Google Scholar
  150. 150.
    Granger CV: Rehabilitation in peripheral nerve disorders, in Licht S (ed): Rehabilitation and Medicine. New Haven, Elizabeth Licht, 1968, pp 536 – 583.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Philip S. King
  • Robert Chen-Zong Yang

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations