Advertisement

Biomechanics of the Hip

  • Victor H. Frankel
  • James W. Pugh

Abstract

Biomechanics is the science which combines principles of engineering, basic laws of physics, and orthopaedic surgery. Biomechanics research enables the surgeon to achieve a greater understanding of the variety of mechanical derangements of the body, to formulate a precise surgical correction of a problem, and to design an effective rehabilitation program.

Keywords

Femoral Neck Femoral Head Gait Cycle Swing Phase Heel Strike 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Bibliography

  1. 1.
    Alffram, P. A.: An epidemiologic study of cervical and trochanteric fractures of the femur in an urban projection. Acta Orthop. Scand., Suppl. 65, 1964.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Backman, S.: The proximal end of the femur. Acta Radiol., Suppl. 146, 1957.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bartel, D. L., and Johnston, R. C.: Mecahnical analysis and optimization of a cup arthoplasty. J. Biomech., 2: 97, 1969.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Blount, W. P.: Don’t throw away the cane. J. Bone Joint Surg., 38A: 695, 1956.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Carter, D. R., and Hayes, W. C.: The compressive behavior of bone as a two-phase porous structure. J. Bone Joint Surg., 59A: 954, 1977.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Chamay, A.: Mechanical and Morphological Aspects of Experimental Overload and Fatigue in Bone, Vol. 3. London, Pergamon Press, 1970.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Contini, R., Gage, H. N., and Drillis, R.: Human gait characteristics. In: Biomechanics and Related Bioengineering Topics. London, Pergamon Press, 1965.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Currey, J. D.: The mechanical properties of bone. Clin. Orthop., 24: 72, 1970.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Denham, R. A.: Hip mechanics. J. Bone Joint Surg., 41B: 550, 1959.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Drillis, R., Contini, R., and Bluestein, M.: Body segment parameters. A survey of measurement techniques. Artif. Limbs, 8: 44, 1964.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Evans, F. G.: Stress and Strain in Bones. Springfield, III., Thomas, 1957.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Evans, F. G., and Vincentelli, R.: Relation of collagen fiber orientation to some mechanical properties of human cortial bone. J. Biomech., 2: 63, 1969.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Frankel, V. H.: The Femoral Neck: Function, Fracture Mechanisms, Internal Fixation. Springfield, III., Thomas, 1960.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Frankel, V. H.: Mechanical fixation of unstable fractures about the proximal end of the femur. Bull. Hosp. Joint Dis., 24: 1, 1963.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Frankel, V. H., and Burstein, A. H.: Force and energetics of femoral neck fractures. Proceedings Dixieme Congres International de Chirurgie Orthopedique et de Traumatologie, Paris, 1966.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Frankel, V. H., and Burstein, A. H.: Orthopaedic Biomechanics. Philadelphia, Lea & Febiger, 1970.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Frankel, V. H., and Nordin, M.: Basic Biomechanics of the Skeletal System. Philadelphia, Lea & Febiger, 1980.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Frisen, M., Magi, M., Sonnerup, L., and Viidik, A.: Rheological analysis of soft collagenous tissues. J. Biomech., 2: 13, 1969.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Inman, V. T.: Functional aspects of the abductor muscles of the hip. J. Bone Joint Surg., 29: 607, 1947.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Johnston, R. C, and Smidt, G. L.: Measurement of hip joint motion during walking. Evaluation of an electrogoniometric method. J. Bone Joint Surg., 51A: 1083, 1969.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Lygre, L.: The loads produced on the hip joint by nursing procedures: A telemeterization study. M.S. thesis (nursing ), Case Western Reserve University, 1970.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    McLaughlin, T., and Frankel, V. H.: A parametric study of the strength of the upper end of the femur. Unpublished data, 1970.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Murray, M. P.: Gait as a total pattern of movement. Amer. J. Phys. Med., 46: 290, 1967.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Murray, M. P., Kory, R. C., and Clarkson, B. H.: Walking patterns in healthy old men. J. Gerontol., 24: 169, 1969.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Paul, J. P.: Forces at the human hip joint. Thesis, University of Chicago, 1967.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Pauwels, F.: Der Schenkelhalsbruch, ein mechanisches Problem. Stuttgart, Enke, 1936.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Pugh, J., Averill, R., Pachtman, N., Bartel, D., and Jaffe, W.: Prothesis surface design to resist loosening; stress normalization. Technical Info. Bulletin, Osteonics Corp., New Jersey, 1982.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Pugh, J. P., Miller A., Tauber, C., and Au, J.: Static and dynamic analysis of forces acting on the hip joint during the gait cycle. A computerized video motion evaluation. Division of Bioengineering internal report, 1982. Available from authors.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Rydell, N. W.: Forces acting on the femoral head prosthesis. Acta Orthop. Scand., Suppl. 88, 1966.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Rydell, N. W.: Forces in the hip joint. In: Biomechanics and Related Bioengineering Topics. London, Pergamon Press, 1965, pp. 351 – 357.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Sedlin, E. D.: A rheological model for cortical bone. Acta Orthop. Scand., Suppl. 83, 1965.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Seirig, A., and Arvikar, R. J.: The prediction of muscular load sharing and joint forces in the lower extremities during walking. J. Biomech., 8: 89, 1975.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Singh, M., Nagrath, A. R., and Naini, P. S.: Changes in trabecular pattern of the upper end of the femur as an index of osteoporosis. J. Bone Joint Surg., 52A: 457, 1970.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Smith, L. D.: Hip fractures: A role of muscle contraction or intrinsic forces in the causation of fractures in the femoral neck. J. Bone Joint Surg. 35A: 367, 1953.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Victor H. Frankel
  • James W. Pugh

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations