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Cadmium in aquatic food webs

  • Stratford H. Kay
Conference paper
Part of the Residue Reviews book series (RECT, volume 96)

Abstract

Cadmium (Cd) is not an abundant element in nature but is present wherever zinc is found. It occurs as a contaminant in superphosphate fertilizers and is used commercially in pigments, alloys, plastic stabilizers, nickel-cadmium batteries, semiconductors and photocells, and in electroplating (Dorn 1979). In aquatic systems, the majority of the Cd present is found within suspended particulate matter and the sediments (Preston 1973, Olsen et al 1982). Cadmium is the subject of considerable research because of its toxicity and its potential to accumulate in food chains. Most of the research on Cd in the environment focuses upon its toxicity to plants and animals (especially those of agricultural importance) and upon the public health aspects of Cd exposure. Several excellent reviews discuss the occurrence, toxicology, and public health impact of Cd (Flick et al 1971, Vallee and Ulmer 1972, Page and Bingham 1973, Friberg et al 1974, Fassett 1975, Dorn 1979, Korte 1983).

Keywords

Fecal Pellet Food Organism Total Body Burden Sandwich Tern Pesticide Monitoring Program 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stratford H. Kay
    • 1
  1. 1.U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment StationEnvironmental LaboratoryVicksburgUSA

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