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An Attributional Theory of Achievement Motivation and Emotion

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Part of the SSSP Springer Series in Social Psychology book series (SSSOC)

Abstract

In this chapter a theory of motivation and emotion developed from an attributional perspective is presented. Before undertaking this central task, it might be beneficial to review the progression of the book. In Chapter 1 it was suggested that causal attributions have been prevalent throughout history and in disparate cultures. Studies reviewed in Chapter 2 revealed a large number of causal ascriptions within motivational domains, and different ascriptions in disparate domains. Yet some attributions, particularly ability and effort in the achievement area, dominate causal thinking. To compare and contrast causes such as ability and effort, their common denominators or shared properties were identified. Three causal dimensions, examined in Chapter 3, are locus, stability, and controllability, with intentionality and globality as other possible causal properties. As documented in Chapter 4, the perceived stability of a cause influences the subjective probability of success following a previous success or failure; causes perceived as enduring increase the certainty that the prior outcome will be repeated in the future. And all the causal dimensions, as well as the outcome of an activity and specific causes, influence the emotions experienced after attainment or nonattainment of a goal. The affects linked to causal dimensions include pride (with locus), hopelessness and resignation (with stability), and anger, gratitude, guilt, pity, and shame (with controllability).

Keywords

  • Task Difficulty
  • Causal Ascription
  • Attributional Style
  • Attribution Theory
  • Causal Dimension

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

In which the author proposes a theory of motivation based on causal perceptions. The empirical support for the theoretical network within the area of achievement strivings is discussed. Achievement-change programs are examined from this perspective.

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4612-4948-1_6
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© 1986 Springer-Verlag New York Inc.

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Weiner, B. (1986). An Attributional Theory of Achievement Motivation and Emotion. In: An Attributional Theory of Motivation and Emotion. SSSP Springer Series in Social Psychology. Springer, New York, NY. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4612-4948-1_6

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4612-4948-1_6

  • Publisher Name: Springer, New York, NY

  • Print ISBN: 978-1-4612-9370-5

  • Online ISBN: 978-1-4612-4948-1

  • eBook Packages: Springer Book Archive