Fibrous Skin Mechanics: Superstructure and New Problems

  • S. A. Wainwright


We divide the living world into levels of organization—atoms, molecules, cells, tissues, organs, organisms—that constitute a structural hierarchy. Most biomechanics research is done by identifying a functional problem in one of these levels and then analyzing structure and function at that level and the levels immediately below. Conclusions are then drawn about the mechanisms permitting and controlling the function. The argument is made here that not only may structure at higher levels also control function, as has been shown for capillary vessels in mammalian mesentery (Fung et al, 1966), but also that function at higher levels is completely different and is often a more challenging and rewarding goal for research.


Pressurize Cylinder Locomotor Muscle Fiber Array Lemon Shark Biomechanics Research 
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© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1986

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  • S. A. Wainwright

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