Unequivocal Regeneration of Rat Optic Nerve Axons into Sciatic Nerve Isografts

  • Martin Berry
  • Lowell Rees
  • Jobst Sievers
Conference paper
Part of the Proceedings in Life Sciences book series (LIFE SCIENCES)

Abstract

It is now established that central axons grow for long distances within a peripheral nerve when the latter is implanted into the central nervous system (CNS) (Aguayo et al. 1979, 1982, 1983, 1984, Richardson et al. 1980, 1981, 1984, Benfey and Aguayo 1982). However, peripheral axons poorly penetrate grafts of CNS tissue implanted between the cut ends of a peripheral nerve (Aguayo et al 1978, Weinberg and Spencer 1979, Perkins et al 1980), and few regenerate past the root/cord junction after dorsal root injury (Kimmel and Moyer 1947, Moyer et al. 1953, Stensaas et al. 1979), while CNS axons growing in peripheral nerve bridges extend for only short distances beyond both CNS/PNS interfaces (David and Aguayo 1981, Aguayo et al. 1982, 1984). Moreover, central axons growing in a peripheral nerve graft behave like peripheral nerve axons if they are damaged in this site, that is, they readily regenerate (David and Aguayo 1985). This distinctively different behavior of growing central axons in the two environments suggests that growth fails in the CNS either because factors normally required for elongation are absent from the mature CNS or because other possibilities are operating, e.g., inhibitors act by blocking receptor sites for trophic substances on axonal membrane (Berry 1983, 1985).

Keywords

Sugar Formalin Hydrate Shrinkage Retina 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Martin Berry
    • 1
  • Lowell Rees
    • 1
  • Jobst Sievers
    • 2
  1. 1.Anatomy DepartmentGuy’s Hospital Medical SchoolLondonUK
  2. 2.Anatomy DepartmentUniversity of KielKielGermany

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