Nonatherosclerotic Diseases of the Extracranial Carotid Arteries
There are a number of diseases that produce symptoms similar to those of atherosclerotic occlusive disease that affect the extracranial carotid arteries. These disorders, although uncommon, are of considerable interest and concern to the vascular surgeon. They frequently present a challenge in management and require strict adherence to the major goals of treatment of all forms of cerebrovascular disease, namely, prevention of stroke and relief of symptoms. These disorders include fibromuscular dysplasia, spontaneous and traumatic dissection of the carotid artery, carotid artery aneurysms, kinking and coiling of the carotid, Takayasu’s arteritis, carotid body tumors, and extrinsic carotid compression. Nonatheromatous arterial embolism to the carotid system will be considered briefly as well as recurrent stenosis after previous carotid thromboendarterectomy.
KeywordsCatheter Ischemia Corticosteroid Rubber Heparin
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