Anaerobic Sludge Digestion

  • David A. Long
Part of the Handbook of Environmental Engineering book series (HEE, volume 3)


Conversion of the organic material in solid wastes to methane-containing gases can be accomplished in a number of ways, including hydrogasification, pyrolysis, and anaerobic digestion. Hydrogasification is usually associated with the conversion of petrochemical raw materials. Although the process has been tried with solid wastes, it is not well defined and therefore is not considered in this book. The production of methane from solid wastes by pyrolysis has been considered previously. The production of methane from solid wastes by anaerobic digestion, or anaerobic fermentation as it is often called, is described in the following discussion.


Solid Waste Total Solid Volatile Solid Anaerobic Digestion Process Hydraulic Residence Time 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    P. L. McCarty, Public Works 95, 107, 123, 91, 95 ( Sept.. Oct., Nov.. Dec. 1964 ).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, 14th ed., American Public Works Association. 1976.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    D. R. Toerien. Water Res. 4, 129 (Feb. 1970).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    J. S. Jeris and P. L. McCarty, J. Water Poll. Control Fed. 37, 178 (1965).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    S. Gosh. J. R. Conrad, and D. L. Klass, J. Water Poll. Control Fed. 47, 30 (1975).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    W. E. Gates, J. H. Smith. S. D. Lin, and C. R. Ris, III. J. Water Poll. Control Fed. 39, 1951 (1967).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    J. C. Young and P. L. McCarty. J. Water Poll. Control Fed. 41, 161 (1969).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    A.J. Steffen and M. Bedker, “Operation of Full Scale Anaerobic Contact Treatment Plant for Meat Packing Wastes,” Proceedings of the 16th Industrial Waste Conference, Purdue University, 1961, p. 423.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    J. T. O’Rourke. “Kinetics of Anaerobic Treatment at Reduced Temperatures,” Unpublished doctoral dissertation. Stanford University, Palo Alto. CA. 1968.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Wastewater Treatment Plant Design, WPCF MOP 8. Water Pollution Control Federation, Washington. DC, 1977.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    C. N. Sawyer and J. S. Grumbling. J. San. Engr. Div. ASCE 86, SA2, 49 (I960).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Recommended Standards for Sewage Works. Great Lakes-Upper Mississippi River Board of State Sanitary Engineers. 1978 ed.. Health Education Service, Albany, NY, 1978.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Metcalf & Eddy, Wastewater Engineering. Collection. Treatment, Disposal. Reuse, 2nd ed.. McGraw-Hill, New York, 1979.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    A. W. Lawrence and P. L. McCarty. J. San. Engr. Div. ASCE 96, SA3, 757, (1970).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    A. W. Lawrence, in “Application of Process Kinestics to Design of Anaerobic Processes,” American Chemical Society, Advan. Chem. 105, 163 (1971).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    R. I. Dick and K. W. Young. “Analysis of Thickening Performance of Final Settling Tanks,” in Proceedings of the 27th Industrial Waste Conference. Purdue University, 33, 1972.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    J. G. Brisbin, J. San. Engr. Div. ASCE 83, SA3, 1274 (1957).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    T. L. Chou, J. San. Engr. Div. ASCE 84, SA5, 1780 (1958).Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Process Design Manual for Sludge Treatment and Disposal. EPA 625/1-79-011, US Environmental Protection Agency. MERL, Cincinnati, OH, 1979.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Operation of Wastewater Treatment Plants. WPCF MOP 11, Water Pollution Con¬trol Federation. Washington, DC, 1976.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    C. Zickefoose and R. B. Hayes, Operations Manual Anaerobic Sludge Digestion. EPA 430/9-76-001. US Environmental Protection Agency, Mun. Opr. Br., Office of Water Programs. Washington, DC, 1976.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    A Guide to the Selection of Cost-Effective Wastewater Treatment Systems, EPA 430/9-75-002, US Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water Programs. Washington, DC, 1975.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The HUMANA Press Inc. 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • David A. Long
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringThe Pennsylvania State University, University Park PennsylvaniaCanada

Personalised recommendations