The learning of accountability

  • J. Richard Eiser
Part of the Recent Research in Psychology book series (PSYCHOLOGY)


Social behavior involves being able to predict the responses of others to one’s own behavior. This need not demand any especially sophisticated cognitive activity, so long as other’s responses are treated as just another stimulus event. What does require a higher level of sophistication — a level I feel no temptation to assume is attained by rats or pigeons — is to be able to predict others’ expectations concerning one’s own behavior. Seeing others as thinking beings, to whom one is oneself an object (but also an active object of perception) seems to involve a qualitative leap in complexity of cognitive functioning — to what Langford (1978) has termed “reciprocal self-awareness.”


Stimulus Event Active Object Impression Management Accountability Social Fami Liar Theme 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Richard Eiser
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Psychology, Washington Singer LaboratoriesUniversity of ExeterExeterEngland

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