Low Vision pp 519-535 | Cite as

Rights of Low Vision Children and Their Parents

  • Jennifer Leigh Hill
Conference paper


This paper will deal with the rights - medical, educational and rehabilitative - of a very special population of children. Children that are “at risk” because of their recognized visual impairment, as well as being “at risk” because some of their basic needs are not being met.


Visual Impairment Impaired Child Gift Child Vision Screening Vocational Counseling 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Statistical Studies on the Blind Population of Canada Registered with CNIB: 1984. (Canadian National Institute for the Blind, Toronto 1984) pp. 15–16.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    A.W. Pratt: The functions of a low vision clinic and the use of aids. In Insight in Sight: Proceedings of the Fifth Canadian Interdisciplinary Conference on the Visually Impaired Child, ed. by A.M. Sykanda, J.E. Jan, S. J. Blockberger, B.K. Buchanan, M. Groenveld (CNIB, Vancouver 1984) pp. 114–122.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    S.M. Genensky: Acuity measurements - Do they indicate how well a partially sighted person functions or could function? Am. J. Optom. Physiol. Opt. 53, 809 (1976)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    M.E. Woodruffs The visually “at risk” child. J. Am. Optom. Assoc. 44, 130 (1973)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    C. Pennock, J. Shapiro: A survey of visual screening programmes in British Columbia schools. B.C. J. Spec. Educ. 4 377 (1980)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    C. Pennock, J. Shapiro: Visual screening programmes in British Columbia schools revisited. B.C. J. Spec. Educ. 9, 285 (1985)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Save your vision week on now. The Daily Gleaner (March 6 1985) p. 36Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    P.J. Cress, C.R. Spellman, T.J. DeBriere, A.C. Sizemore, J.K. Northam, J.L. Johnson: Vision screening for persons with severe handicaps. J ASH 6(3) 41 (1981)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    S. Appel, M. Steciw, M. Graboyes, K.S. Cote: Managing the child with special needs. J. Vision Rehab. 3, 2 (1985)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    J. Allen, K. Fraser: Evaluation of visual capacity in visually impaired and multihandicapped children. Rehab. Optom. 1, 5 (1983)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    K.B. Costello, P. Pinkney, W. Scheffers: Visual Functioning Assessment Tool. (Stoelting Co., Chicago 1982)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    S. Dougherty, D. Levy: Functional vision assessment for the severely impaired visually handicapped. Paper presented at the CEC 58th International Convention (1980) Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    C.A. Dowell: The assessment of functional vision in the severely multihandicapped child. Paper presented at the CEC 58th International Convention (1980)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    M. Efron, B. DuBoff:A Vision Guide for Teachers of Deaf-Blind Children (Special Education Instructional Materials Center, Winston-Salem 1975)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    C. Gates, C.S. Berry: Revised Manual for Visual Assessment Kit (Unpublished manuscript, University of Northern Colorado 1979)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    M.B. Langley: Functional Vision Inventory for the Multiply and Severely Handicapped (Stoelting Co., Chicago 1980)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    B. Langley, R.F. Dubose: Functional vision screening for severely handicapped children. N. Outlook Blind. 70, 346 (1976)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    A.J. Smith, K.S. Cote: Look at Me: A Resource Manual for the Development of Residual Vision in Multiply Impaired Children. (Pennsylvania College of Optometry Press, Philadelphia 1982)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    H.W. Hofstetter: Unmet vision care needs. J. Vision Rehab. 3 16 (1985)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    J. Ferraro: Training: A team approach. Rehab. Optom. 1, 20 (1983)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    L. Davis: Community resources - why should we use them? J. Am. Optom. Assoc. 47 1445 (1976)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    G. Watson, R.T. Jose: A training sequence for low vision patients. J. Am. Optom. Assoc. 47 1407 (1976)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    G.R. Friedman: The teacher/doctor coordinating form - an instrument in rehabilitation of the partially sighted child. J. Am. Optom. Assoc. 47 1418 (1976)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    D.K. Kelleher: Orientation to low vision aids. J. Visual Impairment & Blind. 73 161 (1979)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    D. Stetten: Coping with blindness. N. Engl. J. Med. 305 458 (1981)PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    R. Brilliant: Magnification in low vision aids made simple. J. Visual Impairment & Blind. 77 169 (1983)Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    P.B. Freeman: Managing the low vision patient. J. Am. Optom. Assoc. 50 1267 (1979)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    R.A. Pagon: The role of genetic counseling in the prevention of blindness. Sightsaving Rev. 49 157 (1980)Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    H.E. Cross: Genetic counseling and blinding disorders. In Blindness 1974–1975 (American Foundation of Workers for the Blind, Washington D.C. 1975) pp. 29–41.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    J.L. Hills A study of factors influencing quality of programming for visually impaired children attending public day schools in Canada. Diss. Abstr. Int. A Hum. 45 1365A (1984)Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    N.W. Bryant: The continuum of services for visually impaired students. In Quality Services for Blind and Visually Handicapped Learners: Statements of Position ed. by G.T. Scholl (ERIC Clearinghouse on Handicapped and Gifted Children, Reston 1984)Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    K.M. Huebner: Services for the blind and visually impaired. In Quality Services for Blind and Visually Handicapped Learners: Statements of Position ed. by G.T. Scholl (ERIC Clearinghouse on Handicapped and Gifted Children, Reston 1984) pp. 8–9.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    N.C. Barraga: Innovations in teacher education. J. Visual Impairment & Blind. 75 96 (1981)Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Fact Sheet: Master of Science Program in Vision Rehabilitation (1983) (Available from A.J. Smith, Program Director, Master of Science Program in Vision Rehabilitation, Pennsylvania College of Optometry, 1200 West Godfrey Avenue, Philadelphia PA 19141)Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    R.M. Lambert, M. West, K. Carlin: Psychology of adjustment to visual deficiency: A conceptual model. J. Visual Impairment & Blind. 75 193 (1981)Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    H.M. Mehr, E.B. Mehr, C. Ault: Psychological aspects of low vision rehabilitation. Am. J. Optom. Arch. Am. Acad. Optom. 47 605 (1970)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    O. Overbury, D. Greig, M. West: The psychodynamics of low vision: A preliminary study. J. Visual Impairment & Blind. 76 101 (1982)Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    D.W. Tuttle: Self-Esteem and Adjusting with Blindness: The Process of Responding to Life’s Demands (Charles C. Thomas, Springfield 1984)Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    S.J. Spungin: Career development: The educational context. In Yearbook of the Association for Education and Rehabilitation of the Blind and Visually Impaired: 198 3. (AERBVI, Alexandria 1983) pp. 18–29.Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    L.J. Roessing: Minimum Competencies for Visually Impaired Students (Unpublished manuscript, Freemont, U.S.D. 1980)Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    L.A. Scadden: Technology and the labor market, implications for blind and visually impaired persons. In Blindness 1982–1983 (American Association of Workers of the Blind, Washington D.C. 1983) pp. 17–24Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    F. Schmidt: The effects of new technologies upon the employment of blind and visually impaired people in Canada. In Blindness 1982–1983 (American Association of Workers of the Blind, Washington D.C. 1983) pp. 25–28Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    N.C. Barraga: Utilization of low vision in adults who are severely visually handicapped. N. Outlook Blind. 70, 177 (1976)Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    C. Kirchner, R. Peterson: Employment: Selected characteristics. J. Visual Impairment & Blind. 73, 239 (1979)Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    C. Kirchner, R. Peterson: Worktime, occupational status, and annual earnings: An assessment of underemployment. J. Visual Impairment & Blind. 74, 203 (1980)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jennifer Leigh Hill

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations