An Overview Of Ergonomics And Human Factors
Many important developments in the human factors enterprise occurred during the Second World War with the deployment of new military technology, such as high-performance aircraft (Christensen, 1958). The use of such airplanes provided tremendous opportunities and challenges. But its promise and effectiveness was tempered severely by numerous problems. For example, it took more than two years of training to prepare a pilot to fly one of the larger planes. Many trainees were unable to master the many steps along the way; often these trainees had accidents resulting in the loss of lives and equipment. Flight training was a costly, time-consuming endeavor, given the relatively low percentage of pilot trainees who would graduate to combat roles.
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