Extracardiac Anatomy

  • James B. Seward
  • A. Jamil Tajik
  • William D. Edwards
  • Donald J. Hagler


Patients with congenital heart disease may have associated anomalies elsewhere, and these may be important clinically. Accordingly, examination of the abdominal viscera and vessels, as well as of the thoracic vessels, is considered a part of the comprehensive echocardiography evaluation of congenital heart disease.


Inferior Vena Cava Aortic Arch Pulmonary Vein Thoracic Aorta Coronary Sinus 
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References by Topic AbdomenInferior Vena Cava

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Eustachian Valve/Chiari Network

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Azygos Continuation of IVC

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Abdominal Viscera Kidney

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Upper Thorax Superior Vena Cava

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Persistent Left Superior Vena Cava

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Pulmonary Veins Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Connection Total Anomalous Connection

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Coronary Arteries

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Left Coronary

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Right Coronary

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Coronary Aneurysms

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Coronary Sinus

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Pericardium Absence of Pericardium

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Pericardial Cyst

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Copyright information

© Mayo Foundation 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • James B. Seward
    • 1
  • A. Jamil Tajik
    • 1
  • William D. Edwards
    • 1
  • Donald J. Hagler
    • 1
  1. 1.Mayo Medical SchoolRochesterUSA

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