Ultrasound, although it was first applied to medicine in the 1950s, has found wide application in diagnostic imaging only since the early 1970s. The rapid increase in acceptance of diagnostic ultrasound is based both on its increasing reputation as an imaging modality and on the increasing awareness of the deleterious effects of ionizing radiation, particularly in the pediatric population. Recent advances in equipment design have made ultrasound less operator dependent and, as a result, it has become the screening modality of choice in a variety of pediatric conditions. Since there are a number of excellent textbooks dealing with pediatric ultrasonography, this chapter will provide only a basic orientation for the technologist interested in its application to pediatrics.
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