Changes in body composition the result of malnutrition, obesity, and certain endocrine diseases have been discussed in previous chapters. We now proceed to consider the changes that have been observed in other disease states and following physical trauma. In evaluating these data it must be remembered that some of the situations to be discussed involve bed rest, which is known to lead to negative nitrogen balance, and a decreased intake of food, which also is associated with a loss of LBM. It is obviously difficult, and in some situations impossible, to divorce the effects of these two influences from that of the disease process per se.
KeywordsObesity Phosphorus Osteoporosis Cortisol Malaria
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