Avian Community Dynamics Are Discordant in Space and Time

  • Katrin Böhning-Gaese
  • Mark L. Taper
  • James H. Brown


The threat of global change challenges community ecologists to predict long-term and continental-scale changes in the structure of ecological communities, but the vast majority of studies have been done at very small temporal and spatial scales (Kareiva and Andersen 1988, Tilman 1989, but see Enemar et al. 1984, Holmes et al. 1986, Brown and Heske 1990, Pimm 1991). For example, most studies of competition among species are made in plots of less than 100 m2 and/or with only one or two years of census data (e.g., Connell 1961, Brown and Kodric-Brown 1979, Rosenzweig et al. 1985, Schmitt 1987, Bock et al. 1992). Although attempting to address global greenhouse warming, studies of effects of elevated atmospheric CO2 on plant communities are done on similarly small scales (Morison 1990).


Dissimilarity Matrice Breeding Bird Survey North American Breeding Bird Survey Breeding Bird Survey Data Sequential Bonferroni Technique 
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Copyright information

© Oikos 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Katrin Böhning-Gaese
  • Mark L. Taper
  • James H. Brown

There are no affiliations available

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