Leishmaniasis is an infectious disease caused by the protozoan parasite Leishmania. The three common clinical manifestations of the disease are cutaneous leishmaniasis, which is associated with chronic ulcers of the skin; mucocutaneous leishmaniasis, which is caused by the metastatic spread of Leishmania from a primary cutaneous source to the mucous membranes of the nose, mouth, or pharynx, where it causes destructive lesions; and visceral leishmaniasis or kala-azar, which is associated with fever, chronic weight loss, anorexia, marked splenomegaly, and pancytopenia.


Visceral Leishmaniasis Cutaneous Leishmaniasis Intracellular Amastigotes Direct Microscopic Examination Phlebotomine Sandfly 
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Literature Cited

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© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas R. Navin

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