Advertisement

Government Efforts to Influence Fertility: The Ethical Issues

  • Jonathan Lieberson

Abstract

In the past twenty years or so “the population problem” has been added to the world’s agenda not simply as the subject of scientific study and public discussion but also impinging on policy intervention. In the international arena, the United Nations has held meetings, including the first intergovernmental World Population Conference at Bucharest in 1974, passed resolutions, sponsored programmatic efforts, and established a special organization to concentrate on the issue (the United Nations Fund for Population Activities). National governments, both developed and developing, have set up various commissions on the subject and beyond that have adopted policies and organized programs to influence demographic trends. Private foundations, universities, and voluntary organizations have devoted substantial resources to research, training, technical assistance, service, and information distribution. In short, there has been, one might say, a minor revolution in the field—spotty in space and time, trendy in its ups and downs, filled with visions, revisions, and fashions, controversial as to both ends and means, but still maintaining a dynamic vitality of its own.1

Keywords

Family Planning Ethical Issue Incentive Program Family Planning Program Population Policy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. 3.
    For a much fuller listing that compresses into these categories, see Bernard Berelson, “Paths to fertility reduction: The policy cube,” Family Planning Perspectives 9, no. 5 (September/October 1977):213–219.Google Scholar
  2. 7.
    Judith Blake, “Population policy for Americans: Is the government being misled?” Science 164(2 May 1969):528.Google Scholar
  3. 9.
    W. Parker Mauldin, ‘Assessment of national family planning programs in developing countries,’ Studies in Family Planning 6, no. 3 (February 1975): 33.Google Scholar
  4. 11.
    Bernard Berelson, “Romania’s 1966 anti-abortion decree: The demographic experience of the first decade,” Population Studies 33, no. 2 (1979): 209–222.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 19.
    Oliver D. Finnigan III and T. H. Sun, “Planning, starting, and operating an educational incentives project;’ Studies in Family Planning 3, no. 1 (January 1972)Google Scholar
  6. C. M. Wang and S. Y. Chen, “Evaluation of the first year of the educational savings program in Taiwan;’ Studies in Family Planning 4, no. 7 (July 1973): 157–161.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 20.
    Ronald Ridker, “Savings accounts for family planning: An illustration from the tea estates of India,” Studies in Family Planning 2, no. 7 (July 1971): 150–152.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 27.
    John S. Aird, “Fertility decline and birth control in the People’s Republic of China,” Population and Development Review 4, no. 2 (June 1978): 225–254.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 42.
    William K. Frankena, Ethics (Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1963), p. 98.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jonathan Lieberson

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations