Transmission of Variance through Lake Food Webs

  • Stephen R. Carpenter


Temporal variability is a hallmark of ecological communities. Variable species dynamics imply that certain limnological events will not be predictable (Edmondson 1979) and that the predictability of ecological systems may have inherent limits (Paine 1981). Because temporal variability impedes prediction, it is a source of frustration for ecologists and resource managers. However, there are hopeful signs that certain approaches to ecological variability may yield new insights about community organization and allow more successful management of natural resources. I offer three illustrations of this point.


Fish Population Largemouth Bass Zooplankton Biomass Variance Peak Total Adult Population 
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© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1988

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  • Stephen R. Carpenter

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