The ocular globe is covered anteriorly by the eyelids, which, when closed, occlude the palpebral rim. When the lids are open to their normal position, the whole iris is visible through the cornea except for a small portion of its upper ciliary margin. The upper border of the lower lid is practically tangential to the lower ciliary margin of the iris, with no sclera showing between the two (Fig. 2.1A). At times the upper border of the lower lid can cover a portion of the iris (Fig. 2.1B).


Orbicular Muscle Ciliary Margin Ocular Globe Free Skin Graft Scleral Show 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Additional Reading

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Raul Loeb
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Escola Paulista de MedicinaFederal University of São PauloSão PauloBrazil
  2. 2.International Society of Aesthetic Plastic SurgerySão PauloBrazil

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