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Magnitudes and Patterns of Nitrogen and Sulfur Deposition in the South

  • Dan Binkley
  • Charles T. Driscoll
  • H. Lee Allen
  • Philip Schoeneberger
  • Drew McAvoy
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 72)

Abstract

Precipitation in the South currently has a pH of about 4.4 to 4.6, and about 75% to 80% of the free acidity is associated with sulfuric acid, whereas the remainder is derived from nitric acid. Carbonic acid is present in the rain, but in this low pH range, it is essentially fully protonated. Dry deposition adds a largely unquantified amount of chemicals to forests; dry deposition probably exceeds wet deposition in some areas. In this chapter, the sources of sulfur and nitrogen compounds in the atmosphere and the pathways of deposition and the state of knowledge about historic and current deposition rates are summarized.

Keywords

Deposition Rate Sulfur Deposition Sulfur Emission Mixed Hardwood Atmospheric Deposition Rate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dan Binkley
    • 1
  • Charles T. Driscoll
    • 2
  • H. Lee Allen
    • 3
  • Philip Schoeneberger
    • 4
  • Drew McAvoy
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Forest and Wood SciencesColorado State UniversityFort CollinsUSA
  2. 2.Department of Civil EngineeringSyracuse UniversitySyracuseUSA
  3. 3.Department of ForestryNorth Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA
  4. 4.Department of Soil ScienceNorth Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA

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