Abbreviated Burn Severity Index (ABSI)

  • D. John Doyle


The Abbreviated Burn Severity Index (ABSI) is a five-variable scale to help assess burn severity. The variables considered are (1) sex, (2) age, (3) presence of inhalation injury, (4) presence of a full-thickness burn, and (5) percentage of total body surface area burned. Transfer of the patient to a special burn center should be considered if any of the following exist: (1) ABSI score > = 6, (2) high-voltage electrical burns, (3) burns associated with other major injuries, or (4) full-thickness burns to the face, axillae, joints, hands, feet, or genitalia. Estimation of the percentage of body surface area burned is most easily done using the well-known “rule-of-nines.”


Body Surface Area Trauma CARE Total Body Surface Area Major Injury Inhalation Injury 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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  1. 1.
    Edlich RF, etal: Systems conceptualization of burn care on a regional basis. Top Emerg Med 1981; 3: 7–15.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Edlich RF, etal: Abbreviated Burn Severity Index. Curr Concepts Trauma Care 1984; 7: 20–21.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. John Doyle
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Biomedical Engineering and Department of AnaesthesiaUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada

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