Technique for Sonography of Muscles and Tendons of the Extremities

  • Bruno D. Fornage


As early as 1965, a transverse sonographic scan of a normal leg was published by Howry [13]. The technological development of sonographic equipment since that date is well known. The high quality of today’s real-time machines has rendered B-mode static equipment obsolete [4–11]. Real-time examination is faster, more convenient, and, above all, more complete since continuous scanning leaves no blind area. Also, real-time capability allows dynamic examination of muscles during flexion/extension maneuvers or palpation.


Sonographic Examination Ultrasonic Field Obstetrical Sonography Sector Scanner Blind Area 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bruno D. Fornage
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Division of Diagnostic RadiologyThe University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer CenterHoustonUSA
  2. 2.Section of UltrasoundThe University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center HoustonHoustonUSA
  3. 3.Institut Jean-GodinotReimsFrance

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