Recreation and Leisure from a Wellness Perspective

  • Robert L. Schalock
  • William E. Kiernan
Part of the Disorders of Human Learning, Behavior, and Communication book series (HUMAN LEARNING)


Being in and of the community means more than residential living and employment. Indeed, it is through the successful combination of living, work, and recreation—leisure that most persons find meaning in life and experience the greatest personal growth, development, and sense of wellbeing. Our focus in this chapter is on recreation and leisure from a wellness perspective. Throughout the chapter we stress two basic points: First, recreation and leisure activities should provide a return to the person that is greater than mere entertainment; that is, recreation and leisure activities should improve the person’s social, emotional, and physical well-being and have a spillover effect on the other domains of living and work. Our second point is that recreation and leisure should be viewed and approached from the larger holistic perspective of wellness, which emphasizes physical fitness, nutrition, healthy life-styles, and stress management. To do otherwise would do an injustice to the concept of recreation not just for adults with disabilities but for all persons, and to overlook the significant trend in our current society toward health promotion and management.


Physical Fitness Leisure Activity Program Component Fitness Activity Proper Nutrition 
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Additional Readings

  1. Austin, D.R. (1982). Therapeutic recreation process and techniques. New York: John Wiley & Sons.Google Scholar
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  9. Pollingue, A.B., & Cobb, H.B. (1986). Leisure education: A model facilitating community integration for moderately/severely mentally retarded adults. Therapeutic Recreation Journal, 20, 54–62.Google Scholar
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  11. Schleien, S.J., & Ray, M.T. (1988). Community recreation and persons with disabilities: Strategies for integration. Baltimore: Paul H. Brookes Publishing Co.Google Scholar
  12. Senate Select Committee on Nutritional and Human Needs. (1988). Dietary goals for the United States. Washington, DC: Select Committee.Google Scholar
  13. Stroud, M., & Sutton, E. (1988). Expanding options for older adults with developmental disabilities: A practical guide for achieving community access. Baltimore: Paul H. Brookes Publishing Co.Google Scholar
  14. Wilcox, B., & Bellamy, G.T. (1987). A comprehensive guide to the activities catalog: An alternative curriculum for youth and adults with severe disabilities. Baltimore: Paul H. Brookes Publishing Co.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert L. Schalock
    • 1
  • William E. Kiernan
    • 2
  1. 1.Mid-Nebraska Mental Retardation ServicesHastings CollegeHastingsUSA
  2. 2.Training and Research Institute for Adults with DisabilitiesBoston Children’s HospitalBostonUSA

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