Lighting Simulation

  • Eihachiro Nakamae


Beginning with the publication of Ivan Sutherland’s interactive graphics system “Sketchpad” in the early 1960’s, researchers began to attack the problem of generating realistic computer graphic images. The fundamental problem of hidden line elimination was solved by the end of the 1960’s. Beginning in the early 1970’s, advances in hardware development, particularly raster scan CRT’s with integrated frame buffers, provided researchers with excellent tools. Since that time a wealth of techniques for generating realistic images has been developed; hidden surface elimination, 2D and 3D texture mapping, shading, shadowing, and modeling of natural objects such as trees, clouds, and mountains.


Convex Polyhedron Luminous Intensity Point Light Source Color Insert Indirect Illumination 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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  1. [1]
    Nishita T. and Nakamae E.: “Half-Tone Representation of 3-D Objects Illuminated by Area Sources or Polyhedron Sources,” IEEE COMPSAC, pp. 237–242 (1983)Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    Nishita T., Okamura I. and Nakamae E.: “Shading Models for point and Linear Sources,” ACM Transactions on Graphics, Vol. 4, No. 2, April, pp. 124–146 (1985)MATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. [3]
    Nishita T. and Nakamae E.: “Continuous Tone Representation of Tree-Dimensional objects Taking Account of Shadows and Interreflection,” Computer Graphics, Vol. 19, No. 3, pp. 23–30 (1985)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. [4]
    Nishita T. and Nakamae E.: “Continuous Tone Representation of Tree-Dimensional Objects Illuminated by Sky Light,” Computer Graphics, Vol. 20, No. 4, pp. 125–132 (1986)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. [5]
    Nishita T., Miyawaki Y. and Nakamae E.: “A Shading Model for Atmospheric Scattering Considering Luminous Intensity Distribution of Light Sources,” Computer Graphics, Vol. 21, No. 4, pp. 303–310 (1987)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eihachiro Nakamae
    • 1
  1. 1.Hiroshima UniversityJapan

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