Spinal Fusion pp 139-168 | Cite as

Fusion Techniques for Degenerative Disease

  • A. Alexander M. Jones
  • Richard H. Rothman
  • Richard A. Balderston


The era of spinal fusion surgery began with the first reports of Hibbs and Albee in 1911.1,2 Since that time many types of fusion have been described, but the specific indications for performing fusion in the setting of degenerative disease have remained less well defined. Despite some more recent articles that have attempted to clarify the role of fusion in the treatment of degenerative spinal disease,3–11 there still exist areas of confusion regarding this controversial subject. The goal of this chapter is to provide a selection of recommended techniques of spinal fusion that may be used to stabilize the spine following degenerative disease. In addition, an attempt is made to describe what the authors believe are the indications for which spinal fusion should be considered.


Cervical Spine Vertebral Body Bone Graft Pedicle Screw Spinal Fusion 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Alexander M. Jones
  • Richard H. Rothman
  • Richard A. Balderston

There are no affiliations available

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