Effects of Atmospheric Pollutants on Phyllosphere Microbial Communities

  • Naresh Magan
  • Andy R. McLeod
Part of the Brock/Springer Series in Contemporary Bioscience book series (BROCK/SPRINGER)


Human activity has resulted in atmospheric pollutants becoming a significant influence directly on plants, their soil environment, and on the microorganisms that colonize aerial plant surfaces (the phyllosphere). Many atmospheric and/or particulate pollutants can impact plant surfaces (see Saunders, 1971; Babich and Stotzky, 1982). However, special attention has been placed on the influence that those pollutants which may be transported over long distances may have on crops and trees. This has occurred because of the increase in acidification of precipitation, particularly at high altitudes, and in incidence of poor growth and premature needle loss (i.e., symptoms of ”forest decline”), which have been observed since the 1980s in parts of Europe and North America. The symptoms are not directly attributable to insects or diseases. A large research effort has examined the role of many factors in combination with air pollutants that may be responsible for the observed symptoms (Blank et al., 1989).


Filamentous Fungus Botrytis Cinerea Flag Leave Alternaria Alternata Aureobasidium Pullulans 
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© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Naresh Magan
  • Andy R. McLeod

There are no affiliations available

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