Long-Distance Migration of Rice Insects

  • Ryoiti Kisimoto
Part of the Springer Series in Experimental Entomology book series (SSEXP)


The Asian rice plant is considered to have originated in the Assam-Yunnan area and to have a spread during the last few thousand years over a wide area extending from 51° N to 35° S latitude at various elevations from sea level up to 2,000 m. It harbors many insect pests which have been disseminated with the rice plant itself or are endemic to the location where the rice plant has been introduced. Among the former, the brown planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens (Stål) and the white-backed planthopper, Sogatella furcifera Horváth, both of tropical origin, have been serious pests in temperate East Asia for several hundred years or more. In the past 20 years these planthoppers were found to immigrate annually from southern areas into Japan (Asahina and Tsuruoka 1968; Kisimoto 1976). In the tropics, however, the so-called green revolution, which since the early 1960s has introduced new high-yielding cultivars with improved methods of cultivation, has also induced a drastic change in rice pest problems. N. lugens, long considered a minor pest, now appears to be a major pest of rice as a sapfeeder and a vector of rice viruses throughout most of tropical and temperate Asia.


Light Trap Brown Planthopper Immigrant Density Suction Trap Nilaparvata Lugens 
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© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1991

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  • Ryoiti Kisimoto

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