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The History and Cardiac Diagnosis

  • Noble O. Fowler

Abstract

The history and the physical examination can lead to a correct diagnosis or to a valid differential diagnosis in a large proportion of cardiac patients. These two procedures, properly performed, can direct one’s choice of or eliminate the need for expensive, time-consuming, and possibly dangerous diagnostic tests. Further, these procedures help to establish better rapport with the patient.

Keywords

Aortic Stenosis Infective Endocarditis Atrial Septal Defect Mitral Valve Prolapse Primary Pulmonary Hypertension 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Noble O. Fowler
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of CardiologyUniversity of Cincinnati Medical CenterCincinnatiUSA

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