Contained environments such as space vehicles and Antarctic winter-over stations share characteristics that cause similar human problems for their inhabitants. All contained environments are stressful. Three important factors that influence the type and severity of stressors in a contained environment are the kind of hostile environment from which the contained environment protects its inhabitants, the mission of the contained environment, and communications between the contained environment and the outside friendly environment. The threat of the hostile environment forces physical constraints on design and use of the contained environment. The mission of the contained environment configures community organization for the inhabitants. Communications determine the locus of control inside or outside the contained environment. After differing physical constraints, differing community organization, and differing patterns of communication are carefully analyzed and evaluated, knowledge about one contained environment can be applied to plans for another contained environment.
KeywordsCommunity Organization Physical Constraint Hostile Environment Psychosomatic Disorder Antarctic Station
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