Psychological Effects of Isolation and Confinement of a Winter-Over Group at McMurdo Station, Antarctica

  • Donna C. Oliver
Conference paper


In all the world there is no desolation more complete than the polar night. It is a return to the Ice Age—no warmth, no life, no movement. Only those who have experienced it can fully appreciate what it means to be without the sun day after day, week after week. Few men unaccustomed to it can fight off its effects altogether, and it has driven some men mad. (Lansing, 1959, p. 51)


Psychological Effect Personality Type Adjustment Problem Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory Group Morale 
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© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 1991

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  • Donna C. Oliver

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