Aluminum is the third most abundant element in the earth’s crust, with an average concentration of approximately 8%. It is chemically reactive, occurring principally as the halide or oxide, usually in complex silicates. Although aluminum is found in essentially all plant and animal species, it is not essential for survival. The environmental significance of aluminum has waxed enormously in recent years for two reasons: (1) increased mobilization due to acidification of surface waters, and (2) potential agent in the genesis of Alzheimer’s and related diseases.


Rainbow Trout Fulvic Acid Brown Trout Brook Trout Acidic Lake 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jame W. Moore
    • 1
  1. 1.AlbertaCanada

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