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Abstract

Nickel ranks as the 23rd most abundant element in the earth’s crust, with an average concentration of 75 mg/kg. Although relatively low concentrations (1 mg/kg) are typically found in sedimentary rocks such as sandstone, much higher levels can be found in basalt (160 mg/kg) and peridotites and durites (2,000 mg/kg). The chief ores of nickel are pentlandite [(Fe,Ni)9S8], garnierite [(Ni,Mg)6(OH)6(Si4O11)H2O], and limonite [(Ni,Fe)O(OH)·nH2O]. Nickel is also often associated with arsenide ores which, upon mining and smelting, release arsenic into the environment.

Keywords

Heavy Metal Brown Trout Water Hardness Marine Pollution Bulletin Pearl Oyster 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jame W. Moore
    • 1
  1. 1.AlbertaCanada

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