Supernovae pp 751-759 | Cite as

Supernovae Ia as Standard Candles

  • S. E. Woosley
Part of the Santa Cruz Summer Workshops in Astronomy and Astrophysics book series (SANTA CRUZ)

Abstract

The use of Supernovae (SNe) as a mean of distance measurements was proposed already in the early times of supernova research. An extensive study by Baade (1938) of all available data at that time illustrates how SNe were used to infer cosmological parameters.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Aaronson, M., Huchra, J., Schechter, PL., Tully, R.B.: 1982, Astrophys.J. 258.,64 Baade, W.: 1938, Astrophys.J. 88., 285Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Barbon, R., Ciatti, F., Rosino, L.: 1973, Astron. Astrophys. 25., 241ADSGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Barbon, R., Ciatti, F., Rosino, L.: 1979, Astron. Astrophys. 72., 287ADSGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Branch, D., Drucker, W., Jeffery, D.J.: 1988, Astrophys.J. 330., L117ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Branch, D.: 1988, in The Extragalactic Distance Scale, eds. S. van den Bergh and C.J. Pritchet, San Francisco: Astron.Soc.Pacific,pl46Google Scholar
  6. Branch, D.: 1989, this workshopGoogle Scholar
  7. Cadonau, R.: 1986, Ph.D. Thesis, University of BaselGoogle Scholar
  8. Cadonau, R., Leibundgut, B.: 1989, submitted to Astron.Astrophys.Suppl.SeriesGoogle Scholar
  9. Cadonau, R., Sandage, A., Tammann, G.A.: 1985, in Supernovae as Distance Indicators., ed. N.Bartel, Berlin: Springer, p. 151CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Canal, R., Isern, J., Lopez, R.: 1988, Astrophys.J. 330., L113ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Canal, R., Isern, J., Lopez, R.: 1988, Astrophys.J. 330., L113ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Eastman, R.G., Kirshner, R.P.: 1989, Astrophys.J., in pressGoogle Scholar
  13. Ensman, L.M., Woosley, S.E.: 1988, Astrophys.J 333., 754ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Elias, J.H, Frogel, J.A., Hackwell, J.A., Persson, S.E.: 1981, Astrophys.J 251., L13ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Elias, J.H., Matthews, K., Neugebauer, G., Persson, S.E.: 1985, Astrophys.J. 296., 379ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Frogel, J.A., Gregory, B., Kawara, K., Laney, D., Phillips, M.M., Terndrup, D., Vrba, F., Whitford, A.E.: 1987, Astrophys.J. 315., L129ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Graham, J.R., Meikle, W.S.P, Allen, D.A., Longmore, A.J., Williams, P.M.: 1986, Mon.Not.R.Astr.Soc 218., 93ADSGoogle Scholar
  18. Höflich, P.: 1987, in Nuclear Astrophysics., eds. W. Hillebrandt, R. Kuhfuss, E. Müller, J.W. Truran, Berlin: Springer,p. 307CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Kirshner, R.P., Oke, J.B., Penston, M.V., Searle, L.: 1973, Astrophys.J. 185., 303ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Kirshner, R.P., Kwan, J.: 1974, Astrophys.J. 193., 27ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Kraan-Korteweg, R.C.: 1986, Astron.Astrophys.Suppl.Ser. 66., 255ADSGoogle Scholar
  22. Leibundgut, B.: 1988, Ph.D. Thesis, University of BaselGoogle Scholar
  23. Leibundgut, B.: 1989, Astron.Astrophys., in pressGoogle Scholar
  24. Leibundgut, B., Tammann, G.A.: 1989, submitted to Astron.Astrophys.Google Scholar
  25. Minkowski, R.: 1964, Ann.Rev.Astron.Astrophys. 2., 247ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Nomoto, K., Thielemann, F.-K., Yokoi, K.: 1984, Astrophys.J. 286., 644ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Norgaard-Nielsen, H.U., Hansen, L., Jorgensen, H.E., Salamanca, A.A., Ellis, R.S., Couch, W.J.: 1989, Nature 339., 523ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Oke, J.B., Searle, L.: 1974, Ann.Rev.Astron.Astrophys. 12., 315ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Oke, J.B., Sandage, A.: 1968, Astrophys.J. 154., 21ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Phillips, M.M. et al.: 1987, Publ.Astron.Soc.Pac. 99., 592ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Sandage, A.: 1988, Ann.Rev.Astron.Astrophys. 26., 561ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Sandage, A., Tammann, G.A.: 1987, A Revised Shapley-Ames Catalog of Bright Galaxies., 2nd edition, Washington: Carnegie Institution of WashingtonGoogle Scholar
  33. Schechter, P.L.: 1980, Astron.J. 85., 801ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Tammann, G.A.: 1982, in Supernovae: A Survey of Current Research., eds. M.J. Rees and R.J. Stoneham, Dordrecht: Reidel,p. 371Google Scholar
  35. Tammann, G.A.: 1988, in The Extragalactic Distance Scale, eds. S.van den Bergh and C.J. Pritchet, San Francisco: Astron.Soc.Pacific,p. 282Google Scholar
  36. Tammann, G.A., Leibundgut, B.: 1989, in preparationGoogle Scholar
  37. Uomoto, A., Kirshner, R.P.: 1985, Astron.Astrophys. 149., L7ADSGoogle Scholar
  38. Wheeler, J.C., Levreault, R.: 1985, Astrophys.J. 294., L17ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Woosley, S.E.Weaver, T.A.: 1986, Ann.Rev.Astron.Astrophys. 24., 205ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. E. Woosley
    • 1
  1. 1.Lick ObservatoryUniversity of CaliforniaSanta CruzUSA

Personalised recommendations