Advertisement

Estimating Worker Exposure For Pesticide Registration

  • J. J. van Hemmen
Part of the Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology book series (RECT, volume 128)

Abstract

Pesticides are widely used in agriculture, which means that workers are exposed to these chemicals not only during their actual application, but also during mixing and loading, and harvesting of crops outdoors or in greenhouses and activities in treated barns or residences.

Keywords

Exposure Data Pesticide Exposure Dermal Exposure Worker Exposure Wettable Powder 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Batel W (1984) Zur Anwenderexposition beim Ausbringen von Pflanzenbehan- dlungsmitteln durch Spritzen und Spriihen—Eine Zusammenfassung der seit- herigen Ergebnisse. Grundl Landtechnik 34: 33 – 53.Google Scholar
  2. Batel W, Hinz T (1988) Exposure measurements concerning protective clothing in agriculture. In: Performance of protective clothing, 2nd Symp. ASTM, STP 989. ( Mansdorf S.Z., Sager R., Nielsen A.P. eds) Am Soc for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, PA. pp 584 – 596.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. BBA (Biologische Bundesanstalt für Land und Forstwirtschaft Bundesrepublik Deutschland) (1988) Richtlinien fur die Amtliche Prüfung von Pflanzenschutz- mitteln Teil I. 3-3/1 Kennzeichnung von Pflanzenschutzmitteln—Gesundheitsschutz. Risikoabschätzung für die Auswahl geeigneter Hinweise und sonstiger Massnahmen zum Schutz des Anwenders beim Umgang mit Pflanzenschutzmitteln, Abteilung für Pflanzenschutzmittel und Anwendungstechnik der Biologischen Bundesanstalt Braunschweig, West Germany.Google Scholar
  4. BBA (Biologische Bundesanstalt für Land und Forstwirtschaft Bundesrepublik Deutschland) (1988) Richtlinien fur die Amtliche Prüfung von Pflanzenschutz- mitteln Teil I. 3-3/1 Kennzeichnung von Pflanzenschutzmitteln—Gesundheitsschutz. Risikoabschätzung für die Auswahl geeigneter Hinweise und sonstiger Massnahmen zum Schutz des Anwenders beim Umgang mit Pflanzenschutzmitteln, Abteilung für Pflanzenschutzmittel und Anwendungstechnik der Biologischen Bundesanstalt Braunschweig, West Germany.Google Scholar
  5. Brouwer R, Marquart H, De Mik G, van Hemmen J J (1992b) Health risk of dermal exposure to pesticides during harvesting of roses in greenhouses. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol, (accepted for publication).Google Scholar
  6. Henderson PTh, Chester G, Maas CL, Schepers HTAM, van Hemmen JJ (1992) Rept of Workshop on Pesticide Exposure Modelling for Registration (manuscript in preparation).Google Scholar
  7. Honeycutt RC, Zweig G, Ragsdale NN, (eds). (1985) Dermal exposure related to pesticide use, ACS Symp Series 273. Washington DC.Google Scholar
  8. JMP (Joint Medical Panel of the Scientific Subcommittee on Pesticides of the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food and the Toxicology Committee of the British Agrochemicals Association) (1986) Estimation of exposure and absorption of pesticides by spray operators. MAFF, Pesticides Registration Dept, Harpenden Lab, Harpenden, Herts, England.Google Scholar
  9. Krieger R, Blewett C, Edmiston S, Fong H, Gibbons D, Meiders D, O’Connell LL, Ross J, Schneider F, Spencer J, Thongsinthusak T (1990) Gauging pesticide exposure of handlers (mixer/loader/applicator) and harvesters in California agriculture. Med Lav 81: 474 – 479.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Nigg HN, Stamper JH, Queen RM (1984) The development and use of a universal model to predict tree crop harvester pesticide exposure. Am Ind Hyg Assoc J 45: 182 – 186.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. PHED (Pesticide Handlers Exposure Database) (1992) Reference manual. Versar Inc., Springfield, VA.Google Scholar
  12. Popendorf WJ, Leffingwell JT (1982) Regulating OP pesticide residues for farmworker protection. Residue Reviews 82: 125 – 201.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Turnbull GJ, Sanderson DM, Bonsall JL (1985) Occupational hazards of pesticide use. Taylor & Francis, London and Philadelphia, PA.Google Scholar
  14. van Hemmen JJ (1992) Agricultural pesticide exposure data bases for risk assessment. Reviews Environ Contam Toxicol, 126: 1 – 85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Zweig G, Leffingwell JT, Popendorf WJ (1985) The relationship between dermal pesticide exposure by fruit harvesters and dislodgeable foliar residues. J Environ Sci Hlth B20: 27 – 59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. J. van Hemmen
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Occupational ToxicologyTNO Medical Biological LaboratoryRijswijkThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations