Pollen Expressed Genes and Their Regulation

  • Joseph P. Mascarenhas
Conference paper

Abstract

Microsporogenesis in flowering plants involves a complex and extensive program of gene expression (Mascarenhas, 1989; Mascarenhas, 1990). Most of the large number of genes that are expressed in the developing pollen grain are also expressed in sporophytic tissues. Only a small fraction of these genes are pollen-specific and are expressed just in pollen and not in other parts of the plant (Tanksley et al., 1981; Willing & Mascarenhas, 1984; Willing et al., 1988). Pollen-expressed genes from several plants have been isolated and preliminary analyses made of their promoter regions (Albani et al., 1990; Guerrero et al., 1990; Mascarenhas 1991; Twell et al., 1990, 1991; van Tunen et al., 1989, 1990).

Keywords

Maize Tungsten Leucine Flavone Chalcone 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Albani, D.; Robert, LS.; Donaldson, PA; Altosaar, I.; Arnison, PG.; Fabijanski, SF. Characterization of a pollen- specific gene family from Brassica napus which is activated during early microspore development. Plant Mol. Biol. 15: 605 – 622; 1990.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ferl, RJ.; Nick, HS. In vivo detection of regulatory factor binding sites in the 5’ flanking region of maize Adh1. J. Biol. Chem. 262: 7947–7950; 1986.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Gilmartin, P.; Sarokin, L,; Memelink, J.; Chua, N-H. Molecular light switches for plant genes. Plant Cell 2: 369 – 378; 1990.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Green, PJ; Yong, M-H.; Cuozzo, M.; Kano-Murakami, Y.; Silverstein P.; Chua, N-H. Binding site requirements for pea nuclear protein factor GT-1 correlate with sequences required for light-dependent transcriptional activation of the rbcS-3A gene. EMBO J. 7: 4035 – 4044; 1988.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Guiltinan, MJ.; Marcotte, WR.; Quatrano, RS. A plant leucine zipper protein that recognizes an abscisic acid response element. Science 250: 267 – 271; 1990.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Guerrero, FD.; Crossland, L.; Smutzer, CS.; Hamilton, DA; Mascarenhas, JP. Promoter sequences from a maize pollen- specific gene direct tissue–specific transcription in tobacco. Mol. Gen. Genet. 224: 161 – 168; 1990.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Hamilton, DA; Bashe, DM.; Stinson, JR.; Mascarenhas, JP. Characterization of a pollen-specific genomic clone from maize. Sex. Plant Reprod. 2: 208 – 212; 1989.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Hanson DD.; Hamilton, DA; Travis, JL.; Bashe, DM.; Mascarenhas, JP. Characterization of a pollen–specific cDNA clone from Zea mays and its expression. Plant Cell 1: 173 – 179; 1989.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Jefferson, RA. Assaying chimeric genes in plants: the GUS gene fusion system. Plant Mol. Biol. Rep. 5: 387 – 405; 1987.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Katagiri, F.; Lam, E.; Chua, N-H. Two tobacco DNA—binding proteins have homology to CREB. Nature 340: 727 – 730; 1989.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Mascarenhas, JP. The male gametophyte of flowering plants. Plant Cell 1: 657 – 664; 1989.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Mascarenhas, JP. Gene activity during pollen development. Ann. Rev. Rant Physiol. Plant Mol. Biol. 41: 317 – 338; 1990.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    McKendree, WL.; Paul, AL; DeLisle, AJ.; Ferl, RJ. In vivo and in vitro characterization of protein interactions with the dyad G—box of the Arabidopsis Adh gene. Plant Cell 2:207–214; 1990.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Tanksley, SD.; Zamir, D.; Rick, CM. Evidence for extensive overlap of sporophytic and gametophytic gene expression in Lycopersicon esculentum. Science 213: 453 – 455; 1981.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Twell, D.; Klein, TM.; Fromm, ME.; McCormick, S. Transient expression of chimeric genes delivered into pollen by microprojectile bombardment. Plant Physiol. 91: 1270 – 1274; 1989a.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Twell, D.; Wing, RA; Yamaguchi, J.; McCormick, S. Isolation and expression of an anther–specific gene from tomato. Mol. Gen. Genet. 217: 240 – 245; 1989b.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Twell, D.; Yamaguchi, J.; McCormick, S. Pollen—specific gene expression in transgenic plants: Coordinate regulation of two different tomato gene promoters during microsporogenesis. Develop. 109: 705 – 713; 1990.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Twell, D.; Yamaguchi, J.; Wing, RA; Ushiba, J.; McCormick, S. Promoter analysis of genes that are coordinately expressed during pollen development reveals pollen–specific enhanced sequences and shared regulatory elements. Genes & Develop. 5; 496 – 507; 1991.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    van Tunen, AJ.; Hartman, SA.; Mur, LA.; Mol, JNM. Regulation of chalcone flavone isomerase (CHI) gene expression in Petunia hybrida: The use of alternative promoters in corolla, anthers and pollen. Plant Mol. Biol. 12: 539 – 551; 1989.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    van Tunen, AJ; Mur, LA.; Brouns, GS.; Rienstra, JD.; Koes, RE.; Mol, JNM. Pollen— and anther–specific promoters from petunia: Tandem promoter regulation of the chiA gene. Plant Cell 2: 393 – 401; 1990.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Willing, RP.; Bashe, D.; Mascarenhas, JP. An analysis of the quantity and diversity of messenger RNAs from pollen and shoots of Zea mays. Theoret. Appl. Genet. 75: 751 – 753; 1988.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Willing, RP.; Mascarenhas, JP. Analysis of the complexity and diversity of mRNAs from pollen and shoots of Tradescantia. Plant Physiol. 75: 865 – 868; 1984.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Ye, G-N.; Daniell, H.; Sanford, JC. Optimization of delivery of foreign DNA into higher–plant chloroplasts. Plant Mol. Biol. 15: 809 – 819; 1990.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joseph P. Mascarenhas

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations