Diversity of Reproductive Modes in Anurans: Facultative Nest Construction in Gladiator Frogs

  • Janalee P. Caldwell


Ten families of anurans comprising at least 1000 species are known from South America. The diversity of reproductive modes among these amphibians is higher than in any other group of vertebrates. Duellman (1985) defined reproductive mode as a composite of factors, including oviposition site, ovum and clutch characteristics, rate and duration of development, stage and size of hatchling, and type of parental care. Of the 29 modes he recognized, 21 are found in the Neotropics, and, of these, eight are unique to that area.


Water Seepage Reproductive Mode Rock Pool Sandy Substrate Nest Temperature 
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© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 1992

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  • Janalee P. Caldwell

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