Treatment of Offenders
The prewar organization of courts and public prosecutors offices was established by the Court Organization Law, which was promulgated in February 1890 and came into effect on Nov. 1 of the same year, and other laws. Ordinary courts were divided into four categories-the Great Court of Judicature (Daishinin), Courts of Appeals (kosoin), District Court (chiho saibansho) and Local Courts (ku saibansho). In 1926, the Great Courts of Judicature was located in Tokyo, and there were seven courts of appeals, in Tokyo, Osaka, Nagoya, Hiroshima, Nagasaki, Miyagi and Sapporo; 51 district courts, in Hakodate, Asahikawa, Kushiro and Karafuto (Sakhalin) in addition to the capitals of all prefectures; and 281 local courts. Under the Court Organization Law, a Public Prosecutors Office (kenjikyoku) was attached to each court, except for the Civil District Court.
KeywordsPenal Code Juvenile Offender Public Prosecutor Criminal Procedure Prison Term
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