Advertisement

Agenesis and Prenatal Occlusion of the Cerebral Vessels

  • Shizuo Oi
Part of the Principles of Pediatric Neurosurgery book series (PRINCPEDIATR)

Abstract

The concept of cerebrovascular accident in the embryonal and fetal periods remains obscure. The normal developmental status of the vascular system must be further analyzed not only from the morphological but also the physiological points of view. The pathophysiology and outcomes of these disorders are complicated mainly by developmental factors.

Keywords

Internal Carotid Artery Aortic Arch Vertebral Artery Common Carotid Artery Vascular Development 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Kier EL: Development of cerebral vessels. In: Newton TH, Potts DG (eds.). Radiology of the Skull and Brain, Chapter 55, C. V. Mosby, Saint Louis, 1974, pp. 1089 – 1130.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Lemire RJ, Leaser JD, Leech RW, Alvord EC: Normal and Abnormal Development of the Human Nervous System. Harper & Row, New York, 1975.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Raimondi AJ: Pediatric Neuroradiology. Saunders, Philadelphia, 1972.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Oi S, Matsumoto S: Hydrocephalus in premature infants—characteristics and therapeutic problems. Child’s Nerv Syst 5: 76 – 82, 1989.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Leech RW, Kohnen P: Subependymal and intraventricular hemorrhages in the newborn. Am J Pathol 77: 465 – 475, 1974.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Harcke HT, Naeye RL, Storch A: Perinatal cerebral intraventricular hemorrhage. J Pediatr 80: 37 – 42, 1972.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Hoyme HE, Higginbottom MC, Jones KL: Vascular etiology of disruptive structural defects in monozygotic twins. Pediatrics 67: 288 – 294, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Bulla M, von Lilen T, Goecke H, Roth B, Ortmann M, Heising J: Renal and cerebral necrosis in survivors after in utero deth of co-twin. Arch Gynecol 240: 119 – 124, 1987.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Benirschke K: Twin placenta in perinatal mortality. NY State J Med 61: 1499 – 1507, 1961.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Moore CM, McAdams AJ, Sutherland J: Intrauterine disseminated intravascular coagulation: a syndrome of multiple pregnancy with a dead twin fetus. J Pediatr 74: 523 – 528, 1969.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Jung JH, Graham JM Jr, Schultz N, Smith DW: Congenital hydranencephaly/porencephaly due to vascular disruption in monozygotic twins. Pediatrics 73: 467 – 469, 1984.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Oi S, Kokunai T, Okuda Y, Sasaki M, Matsumono S: Identical embryopathogenesis for exencephaly and myeloschisis: an experimental study. J Neurosurg. 72: 450 – 458, 1990.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Oi S, Matsumoto S: Morphological evaluation for neuronal maturation in anencephaly and encephalocele in human neonates: a proposal of reclassification of cephalic dysraphism. Child’s Nerv Syst 6: 350 – 355, 1990.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Wolpert SM: Vascular studies of congenital anomalies. In: Newton TH, Potts DG (eds.). Radiology of the Skull and Brain, chapter 87. C.V. Mosby, Saint Louis, 1974.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Yokovlev PL, Wadsworth RC: Schizencephalies—a study of the congenital clefts in the cerebral mantle. I. Clefts with fused lips. J Neuropathol Exp Neurol 5: 116 – 130, 1946.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Pastermak JF, Mantovani JF, Volpe JJ: Porencephaly from periventricular intracerebral hemorrhage in a premature infant. Am J Dis Child 134: 673 – 675, 1980.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Takada K, Shiota M, Ando M, Kimura M, Inoue K: Porencephaly and hydranencephaly—a neuropathological study of four autopsy cases. Brain Dev 11: 51 – 56, 1989.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Stevenson RE, Kelly AC, Aylsworth AS, Phelan MC: Vascular basis for neural tube defects: a hypothesis. Pediatrics 80: 102 – 106, 1987.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Vogal FS: The anatomic character of the vascular anomalies associated with anencephaly: with consideration of the role of abnormal angiogenesis in the pathogenesis of the cerebral malformation. Am J Pathol 39: 163 – 169, 1961.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shizuo Oi

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations