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Anatomy of Cerebral Vessels in Infants and Children

  • Anthony J. Raimondi
Part of the Principles of Pediatric Neurosurgery book series (PRINCPEDIATR)

Abstract

The form, caliber, distribution, and pairing of arterial and venous structures in the newborn, infant, and child are distinctly different from what one observes in the adult, though the naming of the vessels is identical. Consequently, it is assumed that the reader is conversant with standard neuroradiological nomenclature. Within broad limits one may safely generalize that the younger the child the wider the caliber and the greater the redundancy of intracisternal and intraffisural vessels (such as the internal carotid, sylvian complex, basilar and posterior cerebrals). This may be related to the relatively greater size of the basal cisterns and the fissures. Also, the frontal lobes in the newborn and infant are extremely small. This latter anatomic characteristic is responsible for the central sulcus being closer to the coronal suture.

Keywords

Internal Carotid Artery Posterior Cerebral Artery Cerebral Vessel Posterior Inferior Cerebellar Artery Sylvian Fissure 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anthony J. Raimondi

There are no affiliations available

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