Annual Periodicity of Total Blood Thyroxine (T4) in Male Fallow Deer: Problems and Experiences

  • Klaus Fischer
Conference paper


The annual T4 profile in adult fallow (Dama dama) bucks plateaus between January and August (x-̄ ≈ 50 ng/ml). T4 has minimal values during the rut (October: x-̄=28.3 ng/ml; November: 30.4 ng/ml) with differences of 44% (P≦ 0.001). There were no differences between serum and plasma samples (P 0.001; r>0.9). Annual profiles with two commercial kits show r = 0.98, but differences of 33.1% to 34.6% (P 0.001). T4 measurement was repeated later with the same blood samples and the same coded test kit. Results showed r = 0.94, but values differed at 10.14 ng/ml (P 0.001). Other values were also lower in this test. One yearling fell sick and 4 weeks before death T4 = 14.9 ng/ml. Another buck had a severe parasitic infection, but in conjunction with a social environment change, T4 almost normalized after 1 year. T4 measurements were made in animals that had lived together more than 1 year before sampling. R over 1.5 years were: 0.89, 0.79, and 0.85 between half-brothers, and 0.73, 0.79, and 0.86 between adult bucks. Annual T4 curves of other bucks from other groups had faint positive correlations with the two groups mentioned, but all individuals demonstrated a strong T4 depression around rut. The annual T4 pattern in a fawn/yearling living in a small enclosure with several old animals showed extremely high T4 due to the social stress. There was no difference in T4 between fawns/yearlings and adults, but in fawns/yearlings T4 oscillated.


Blood Sample Environment Change Plasma Sample Nature Conservation Social Environment 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Klaus Fischer
    • 1
  1. 1.Zoological InstituteGottingen UniversityGottingenGermany

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