For over 2000 years, scholars have advanced various explanations for memory phenomena (Herrmann & Chaffin, 1988). Until this century, most of these explanations relied almost exclusively on either traditional memory variables (such as duration of study, amount of rehearsal, presence or absence of appropriate retrieval cues) or the capacities and limitations of the memory system itself (i.e., the processes of registration, retention, and remembering). During the past two decades, however, there’s been increasing evidence that memory performance is also influenced by variables identified with other modes of psychological processing. In other words, converging evidence suggests that human memory is also directly or indirectly influenced by an individual’s physical, emotional, and attitudinal states.
- Memory Task
- Memory Performance
- Memory System
- Historical Perspective
- Central Processor
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Herrmann, D., Searleman, A. (1992). Memory Improvement and Memory Theory in Historical Perspective. In: Herrmann, D.J., Weingartner, H., Searleman, A., McEvoy, C. (eds) Memory Improvement. Springer, New York, NY. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4612-2760-1_2
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