Bacteriophages are viruses that infect bacteria and cyanobacteria, their host cells. Since their discovery at the beginning of this century (Twort 1915, d’Hérelle 1914), studies on the interaction between phage and host cells have significantly contributed to our understanding of modern molecular biology. Phages have been isolated for virtually all of the known bacterial genera and from all habitats where bacteria can exist (Ackermann and DuBow 1987). Some of them have been studied in great detail. However, little is known about those phages that infect native bacterial populations, especially in freshwater habitats.
KeywordsLactic Acid Bacterium Aquatic Habitat Host Strain Bacterial Host Host Bacterium
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