On τ-Functions of Zakharov—Shabat and Other Matrix Hierarchies of Integrable Equations
Matrix hierarchies are: multi-component KP, general Zakharov—Shabat (ZS) and its special cases, e.g., AKNS. The ZS comprises all integrable systems having a form of zero-curvature equations with rational dependence of matrices on a spectral parameter. The notion of a τ-function is introduced here in the most general case along with formulas linking τ-functions with wave Baker functions. The method originally invented by Sato et al. for the KP hierarchy is used. This method goes immediately from definitions and does not require any assumption about the character of a solution, being the most general. Applied to the matrix hierarchies, this involves considerable sophistication. The paper is self-contained and does not expect any special prerequisite from a reader.
KeywordsSoliton Equation Differential Polynomial Baker Function Bilinear Identity Hierarchy Equation
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