Effect of Climate Change on Biodiversity of Arctic Plants

  • Boris A. Yurtsev
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 124)


In this chapter I shall try, starting from an analysis of the modern spatial-climatic trends of biodiversity of arctic flora, to predict major temporal changes in connection with the expected global changes, caused by the greenhouse effect. The ground for the prognosis is provided by the floristic subdivision of the circumpolar Arctic (Yurtsev, 1992, 1994; Yurtsev et al., 1978, 1985), by the subdivision of the Arctic into phytogeographic zones, and the interpretation of both in terms of their dependence upon the climatic differentiation of the Arctic territory and its history. The nature of the data at my disposal does not permit any precise quantitative estimations or calculations. But this phytogeographic approach (in contrast, for example, to the ecophysiological one) permits us to trace the results of climatically induced spatial changes of plant cover as a whole, with all its multidimensional complexity.


Arctic Ocean Arctic Tundra Plant Biodiversity Tundra Zone Local Flora 
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© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 1997

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  • Boris A. Yurtsev

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