Chemical Kinetics in Use
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Many chemical and biological processes have measurable rates that can be studied in experiments and modeled mathematically with the methods of chemical kinetics. The strategy of the modeling, sketched in Sec. 10.1, is conceptually simple, and it has been applied far and wide by practitioners of many kinds. Sec. 10.1 applies the kinetic analysis to reacting systems approaching equilibrium and steady-state conditions (the programs Chemkin and Xss). The kineticist’s view of more complicated reaction schemes is illustrated in Sec. 10.2, with accounts of the kinetics of catalytic cycles, simplified versions of biochemical cycles, and branching reactions (the programs Catcycle, Cycle, Krebs, and Branch). In Sec. 10.3 the kinetic analysis implied by two mechanisms of polymerization reactions is the topic (the programs Chain and Step). Not only chemists, but biologists and biophysicists (among others, including geologists, chemical engineers, and pharmacologists), have found remarkable uses for the concepts and methods of chemical kinetics. We see an example of biological kinetics in Sec. 10.4 (Biokin) and biophysical kinetics in Sec. 10.5 (Hodgkin).
KeywordsChemical Kinetic Catalytic Cycle Elementary Reaction Glucose Infusion Monomer Molecule
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