Cardiac Surgery in Jehovah’s Witnesses
The Jehovah’s Witnesses are members of a religious organization that was founded in the 1870s as a nondenominational Christian study group by a Pennsylvanian named Charles Taze Russell.1 The Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society was formed in 1881. The Watch Tower Society was headquartered in Brooklyn, New York in 1909, and has subsequently grown into an international organization with more than 5 million followers worldwide. The name “Jehovah’s Witnesses,” adopted by the Society in 1931, was derived from the Biblical passage, “You are my witnesses, saith Jehovah” (Isaiah 43:10).
KeywordsWitness Patient Blood Conservation Chest Tube Output Biblical Passage Retrograde Autologous Priming
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