Vertical Facial Deficiency

  • Harvey M. Rosen


The morphologic designation of short face has several skeletal etiologies. The most common of these is mandibular deficiency with an anterior deep-bite malocclusion. Second in frequency is vertical maxillary deficiency. Last, and least common, is true vertical microgenia, which is rarely seen by itself but usually in combination with mandibular deficiency.


Lower Face Mandibular Incisor Facial Skeleton Anterior Maxilla Intermaxillary Fixation 
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Suggested Reading

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York, Inc. 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Harvey M. Rosen
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Pennsylvania HospitalPhiladelphiaUSA
  2. 2.University of Pennsylvania School of MedicinePhiladelphiaUSA

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