A property common to structural elements such as rope, yarn, cord, cable, and strand is their ability to resist relatively large axial loads in comparison to bending and torsional loads. Rope [1, 2],* because of this property, is one of the oldest tools that humans have used in their efforts to produce a better life for themselves. A copper cable found in the ruins of Nemeveh near Babylon indicates that wire rope was used as a structural element in about 700 B.C. Sayenga has written an excellent history of the American wire rope industry .
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