Organochlorine Insecticide Residues in African Fauna: 1971–1995

  • Staffan Wiktelius
  • Clive A. Edwards
Part of the Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology book series (RECT, volume 151)


The organochlorine insecticides (OCLs), beginning with DDT (1,1-bis (4-chlorophenyl)-2,2,2-trichloroethane), were introduced over a period of about 5–10 yr after the end of World War II. Their use expanded rapidly thereafter, particularly in the United States and Europe, between their introduction and the early 1960s. Although there were no major concerns as to their environmental effects for at least ten years, it was soon realized that the OCLs were not only broadly toxic to nonpest invertebrates but were very persistent in soils and aquatic sediments. Moreover, there were increasing numbers of reports in the literature of significant quantities of OCL residues, particularly of DDT and dieldrin (1,2,3,4,10,10-hexachloro-6,7- epoxy-l,4,4a,5,6,7,8,8a-octahydro-endo-l,4-exo-5,8-dimethanonaphthalene), in various plant and animal tissues.


Desert Locust Organochlorine Insecticide Organochlorine Residue Locust Control African Fish 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Staffan Wiktelius
    • 1
  • Clive A. Edwards
    • 2
  1. 1.Swedish University of Agricultural SciencesUppsalaSweden
  2. 2.Department of EntomologyThe Ohio State UniversityColumbusUSA

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