The ecosystem management paradigm has been chosen as the approach to be used by federal agencies to manage federal lands. Because of the difficulty that federal agencies and academicians have had in defining what these two words mean and because the perception is that this means more data collection than is currently occurring, ecosystem management has a strong potential to be rejected as the approach to use for managing ecosystems. This would be extremely unfortunate because this approach has elements that are crucial to retain for “good” management of ecosystems. The components of ecosystem management (articulated in earlier chapters) are fundamentally important if ecosystems are to be managed where they function within the range of states natural for that system and at the same time produce the values (i.e., species, timber, nontimber forest products, etc.) humans have identified as desirable. Ecosystem management should be used as a tool that identifies what the trade-offs are in accepting a particular management option. It is an approach that will move the management of our natural ecosystems from being solely based on human “values” to one balanced by scientific information helping to clarify the consequences of the chosen values.
KeywordsIncome Smoke Fishing Extractor Chlorofluorocarbon
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